AD's English Literature : November 2010

Friday, November 26, 2010

Attitude to War as Revealed in Wilfred Owen's 'Strange Meeting': Deep Feelings of Sorrow and Compassion

  “My subject is war, and the pity of war. The poetry is in the pity”Wilfred Owen.

            Paradoxically enough Owen began writing poetry in the tradition of the romantics with Keats and Shelley as his models Equipped with a Romantic sensibility, Owen might have written better poetry but circumstances ordained otherwise. The war provided Owen with subject matter, which turned the romantic elegiac strain of his early poems into the deep feelings of sorrow and compassion, which characterize his later poems.

            The idea of the futility of the soldiers’ sacrifice is the theme of strange meeting. In fact, it is a poem of visionary dream. The poet soldier imagines that he has escaped from battle and gone to the other regions. As he keeps watching the corpses, one springs up with piteous recognization in fixed eyes’. The other man in its cadaverous look, who is in fact the enemy soldier, relates the horrors and frustrations accompanying war. He is sad that he has been snatched away by death even before he could pass on to humanity the knowledge he acquired – the truth untold – the bitter experience on the battle field – the pity war distilled. He further voices against the abstract and unworthy glorification of war. An enemy in life becomes a friendly companion in the land of the dead, finally when disclosing his identity he bids friend to join.

Wednesday, November 10, 2010

An Analysis of the Character of Dancer in Eugene O Neill's "Thirst"

In each of the modern play, psychology forms the upper hand. In the opacity of abysmal human psychological world the floating characters in the modern play broods over the revelation of life and its greater meaning. Eugene O Neill's Thirst also provides a befitting atmosphere to snatch away the agonized hearts of three persons who are pinned up in the formulated phrase of lifelessness. The zeal for life, for rescue as if, in co-relation to fleeting El Dorado or missing Godot is totally absent in the hovering atmosphere of vast Atlantic Ocean where there is scorching sunlight and the endless blue horizon.The Dancer is still aspiring to live, should live for the love of her life even if, it is denied altogether by fate or by still unknown human action. The Dancer represents the class of arts, of living with hope, betterment and full of human dreams.Thus her transformation from life to death is the greatest tragic downfall expressed in the play.

Friday, November 5, 2010

How does Literature Reflects the Spirit of the Age?

It is often said that history is the biography of a nation while literature is its autobiography. Truly speaking an author is as much a product of his society as his art is product of his own reaction to life. Literature reflects ‘zeitgeist’ or the time-spirit. Everyman, according to Goethe’s statement, is the citizen of his age as well as of his country. Literature as a whole grows and changes from generation to generation and obviously it is the rise, growth and decline of ideas, precepts and morals. Thus literature becomes a sort of sociological approach, a supplementary and commentary on history. As the pearl is the product of the oyster shell, literature is the product of the society. 


1.Affixation- The three basic category terms in a word are affixes (divided into prefixes and suffixes steams and roots. Affixes are of two sorts in English; elements that are attached in front of the base are called prefixes, while elements that are attached to the end of the base are called suffixes. Thus, im- and de- are prefixes while –able and –fy are suffixes:
Im + penetr + able – impenetrable
De + class + fy – declassify
2.Archaism- There is many irregular devices employed by the writer and speaker in expressing their language. It is such a device. The ‘archaism’ means the use of obsolete words. These words were once current, but they have now been ousted.
For example, such obsolete words are – whilom, trow, albeit, yelept, natheless etc.
3.Author’s Contribution- Certain individuals, in their own right, have immensely contributed to the growth of the English word stock. The etymological meaning of poet is ‘maker’, and in a very literal sense, some of the great English poets may be said to be the makers of the English language.

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An English Teacher;    M. A.(English) , D. Ed., B. Ed., UGC- NET Qualified

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