AD's English Literature : Principles to be Followed by Teacher in Realizing the Aims of Teaching English as a Second Language in the Secondary Stage

Principles to be Followed by Teacher in Realizing the Aims of Teaching English as a Second Language in the Secondary Stage

        In order to secure or realize the aims of teaching English in the secondary stage the teacher will have to adopt the following principles.

  • The teacher will use audiovisual aids to help the pupils to perform the task of understanding speaking, reading and writing language. The different aids will be demonstrated and at the same time the students will be asked to read and write corresponding things in English language. They will make more and more practices and when they will be able to understand, write and read the corresponding things in English without the help of aids or without the assistance of teacher then it may be said that the linguistic aims has been acquired to same extent by the students.
  •  The teacher will ask the students to make simple conversation in English with him and gradually he will allow the students to make English conversation between them. They will  acquire the ability of speaking in English. The teacher after some times will select a topic and ask the students to speak a few sentences in English on the topic. If required he will help them to speak correctly. When the students are able to speak correctly in English it may be admitted that the ability of speaking in English has been acquired to an extent.
  •  The students will be asked to read extracts of prose and poetry, write paragraphs, write a letter in English and also to translate it English i their mother tongue. Through more and more practices they will acquire taste and appreciation in addition to reading writing and speaking in English. When the students will be to able to give model reading, prepare beautiful aid on a particular topic and write paragraphs or letter or translate in proper way it may be said that the literacy aim has been acquired.

  •         Finally the students will be given opportunities of be speaking in English in educational seminars ,conference where they have free acquaintance and communications with other countries through English.

        Principles to be followed in developing skills in understanding, reading, writing and speaking English:-
  •  These skills should be developed in an integrated way.
  •    The teacher while teaching a topic will try to develop the skills in a coherent ways.
  •  To develop the skills the teachers must have knowledge of the standard to be owned by the students for the development of these four skills. As regards the development of reading ability the standard should enable the pupil to understand and enjoy the common English language of every one’s life.
 
The standard of knowledge for the development of speaking ability should be so limited that the pupil can acquire the ability to converse in colloquial English and to use the same sample English in continuous speech. Lastly the standard of writing English should enable the pupils to write the letter on matters of ordinary interest to him so that he must be familiar with commonest form of correspondence to friends relatives, tradesnas and the few types of officials to whom he may address letters.

  • The teacher will use visual aids to help the pupils to perform the task of understanding, writing and reading English language. The different visual aids in the forms of pictures or models will be demonstrated and at the same time the students will be asked to read and write corresponding English words below the things or English names of the pictures or model. the students will make more and more practices and when they will be able to understand read and write the names of the pictures or models or the corresponding things in English without the help of aids or without the assistance of the teacher then it may be said that the skills of understanding reading and writing have been acquired to some extant by the students.
  •   The teacher will ask the students to make simple conversation in English with him and gradually he will allow the students to make English conversation between them. when the they will gradually acquired the ability of speaking English. The teacher after sometimes will select topic and ask the students do speak a few sentences in English on the topic. If required he will help them to speak correctly. When the students are able to speak correctly in English it may be admitted that the ability of speaking English has been acquired to some extent.                              Ardhendu De

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An English Teacher;    M. A.(English) , D. Ed., B. Ed., UGC- NET Qualified

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