AD's English Literature : Model English Literature Note - Extra Ten for PGT , TGT and Other Competitive Examinations

Model English Literature Note - Extra Ten for PGT , TGT and Other Competitive Examinations




Ans:- The beloved shall ‘live by the fame’ as the poet-lover in Amoretti will immortalize her as well as their love by  means of potent poetry. She will continue to be mentioned long after she would be physically dead. Further later generations of lovers will be so inspired by their love as to imitate it. This would be in a way rejuvenation of their own love.


             Bacon is pragmatic writer and his essays are Counsels: civil and moral designed for the practical benefits of man and not for his emotional or imaginative development. This is best evident from his statement, “To spend too much time in studies is sloth; to use then too much for ornament, is Affectation, to make judgment wholly by their lules is the humor of a scholar.” [Again he advises his readers more of the business like manner – “some book are to be tested others to be swallowed, and some few to be chewed and digested.”


Ans:- Lamb’s Sundays are unhappy episodes in  spite of being weekly holidays. The charm and colour of the week days have been set aside specifically for worship which is a serious affair. Sundays are devoid of activities – the closed shops, soundless streets, the absence of ballad signers create a general atmosphere of gloom. These make lamb’s Sundays exceedingly tedious, unattractive and deserted.


Ans:- Busy-idle is an oxymoron which simply means frivolous yet engrossing. It is adapted by Horace’s ‘strenua inertia’ which means energetic idleness. Lamb here quotes this phrase to illustrate his imaginative flight at the beauty of the garden of Norfolk.


Ans:- Goldsmith’s she stoops to conquer is one of the best and most popular comedies ever produced on the English stage. It success unlike many other major English comedies does not merely depend upon satiric expose of depravities in human nature and institutions but on the profusion of pure fun and humor that abound in the play. Laughter in she stoops to conquer is mainly derived from – comic situation, comic character and comic dialogue.

  1. Mention the key point of comparison between Synge’s tragedy Riders to the sea and ancient Greek tragedies.

Ans:- The key point of comparison between Synge’s tragedy, Riders to the sea and ancient Greek tragedies is the activeness of cruel and sinister Fate and Destiny. The Aran Sea is the sinister fate which strings the tragedy in Aran people. Next, Synge presents the two sisters. Cathleen and Nora as chorus element implicitly. In point of style singe follows the method of ‘stichomythia’ of Greek tragedy. It has repeated sentences which produce the tragic tension.

  1. Why did Tony misguide Marlow and Hastings?

Ans:- When Tony Lumpkin meets Marlow and Hastings in the inn, he immediately geneses their identity. Next he tactfully elicits information from then that he has been ungenerously spoken of to these new comers and his vengeful anger, true to the spirit of comedy, is poured upon the two visitors who fall a prey to his genius. He gives them the direction of Mr. Hardcastle’s house but tells then that it is an inn, Mr. Hardcastle a talkative inn keeper. The result is, of course hilarious comedy of errors.

  1. Is Shaw an iconoclast in his Arms and The Man?

Ans:- Bernard Shaw is an iconoclast. In nearly all his plays he strikes hard at the root of romantic conventionalities and presents popular romantic myths in a completely anti-romantic light. In Arms and The Man Shaw is out to break away from the romantic beliefs accursed round the concepts of love and war. The traditional idealistic view on war and the romantic notion of love has been criticized in this play. Instead, Shaw favors a pragmatic view on them.


Ans:-   We use ‘Comma’ –
Between coordinate clauses joined by and, but, for, and other coordinate conjunction –
She wanted to twist her little sister’s arm, but was afraid her mother would clobber her.

After participial phrases or dependent clauses:
  Believing that his luck would continue to hold out, the trickster sought to cheat more people. Sentences that being with prepositions or such words as if, as, and when almost always need a comma: It you can come to the office, please plan to be here at 11am.


Ans:- The structure of an essay is much like that of a paragraph, except that an essay is made up many paragraphs. An essay usually has three parts – the introduction, the body, and the conclusion. The introduction and the conclusion are usually a paragraph each, but the body may be made up of several paragraphs. Each paragraph in the body will have a topic idea that expands on the essay’s thesis or main idea, using appropriate supporting material.

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