AD's English Literature : J. M. Synge’s Riders To The Sea: Analysis of Dramatic, Structure, Key Notes and Points ETC

J. M. Synge’s Riders To The Sea: Analysis of Dramatic, Structure, Key Notes and Points ETC

Is J. M. Synge’s Riders To The Sea Dramatic?

The contentious issue of whether Riders To The Sea is lacking in dramatic action or the characters --- themselves entirely passive , is usually resolve in contrary manners by contradicting critics since there is no human conflict nor is there major dramatic action occurring on the stage - has often led to the opinion that it has a relatively passive plot .


Further the fact that the true tragic protagonist , Maurya , is a weak , tottering , doddering woman whose physical weakness finds its correlative in her lack of command or cancel the trip of Bartley , Cathleen,  Nora, as well as the fact that all the characters seem to be pawns in the hands of their Tragic destiny , has only reinforced this criticism. But just as Yeats in his preface to his '' Anthology of modern poetry” and Arnold in his essay “subjects of poetry” had pointed out, passive suffering can be the subject of tragic dramas. Synge was aware that the requisite, the signer canon of tragedy is action. This action must be manifest through the action or incidents in the plot as well as the vitality an evolution of the characters. From the very outset the play builds up tragic suspense through a series of apparently minor events  ----- such as the spinning of the thread which Cathleen was weaving the discussion about threw mysterious 'she', the hording or tacking of the ship and so on ----- cumulatively build up an atmosphere a an action of gigantic proportions . Nor are the characters truly passive. Bartley has the courage conviction to not only to flout the mother's request for the sake of his responsibility, but to confront the sea a hazard his life. Maurya , in her turn being as a relatively passive character , but gradually assumes control over her own life a sufferings to such an extent - that she can ultimately chiefly fate a challenge death Her physical passivity belies her true spiritual activity .. An intense emotion ferment of the mind.

Riders To The Sea: Questions
*      What are the major images through which the theme of Riders To The Sea is expressed? Show how they give the play a unified structure.
*      Account for the universality of the play Riders To The Sea.
*      " There is something in the form a long .of Riders To The Sea that reminds us constantly of polic drama " ------ Discuss .
*      Do you think that Maurya undergoes a moving transformation in the final part of synge's play?  What's the nature of that transformation has she attained a true tragic dignity ------- answer critically.
*      What idea of the life of the fisher folk of the Aran Islands do you get from Riders To The Sea? How does their life enrich the tragedy?
*      Do Nora a eathleen strike you as choric characters.
*      In  Riders To The Sea Synge  makes his characters talk poetry a remain real people-  elucidate with appropriate instances from the Text.
*      Comment upon the dogmatic and a artistic beauty of some of the biblical echoes in Riders To The Sea.
*      Synge Riders To The Sea is an elegiac play - Discuss.


She is sometimes physically passive, mentally she is weak, but the movement in her mind is not a all passive. It involves tremendous transformation of her mind. Intellectually a spiritually, he is dynamic a passive. Her tottering states her accepting of Bartley's death show that she is passive. Outer being is passive a inner being is dynamic and mobile.


The images and symbols in Riders To The Sea provide structure not in the architectonic sense of the term , but in the sense of providing an unity of impression which is often more important and convincing to an audience than the mere cause and sequence of the plot . The images in symbols in Riders To The Sea, being uniformly related to the theme of death and disaster, provide the play with its tragic atmosphere, an atmosphere which sets the tone of the play. They help to create an incessant and unflagging suspense, an atmosphere of imparting and pervading tragedy.    

The peace of Maurya?

The peace that Maurya achieves at the end when she is reconciled to the death of all her male poignancy and realizes that death is an inevitability, is often characterized as “Christian serenity " The application is only partly a hot wholly True . Her peaceful state of mind is engendered hot by the standard Christian consolation of blood being benevolent or the possibility of a merger with God after the earthly lives but by the stoic acceptance of the stark reality of death. Her attitude is stoic rather than Christian.
Maurya's vision of Michael?

It lends it her tragedy a touch of melodrama... A flaws the play or excessively dramatic.
The vision of Michael - this prepares for the death of Bartley, his death is being made probable. Such incidents pre- occurring from the beginning mention - - - - - - - -   This visionary symbol unifies the entire plot. It's as important as the vision of Bride Dara . It might have appeared a flaw in a play set in an industrial situation but in its ease it is significant. Here Michael 'scene enhances the play instead of Flaw the play.

Four movements in Synge's one act play Riders To The Sea ---- what are these a how do they prepare the audience for the play's final resolution?

(1) The suffering mother -- the anticipating the death of Michael- a weeping
 (2) A concern for Bartley- a the desire to prevent his journey
 (3) Maurya's conquest of suffering by the selfish thought that she will have to weep no more
 (4) The final movement of Maurya's mind where the serenity is bred not by selfishness but by selflessness, by a concern for all humanity i.e. development of charity, sympathy.

" The entire action of Riders To The Sea is the movement of maurya's mind rather than the physical doings of men a women, still the play has a breathless peace ". Do you argue? Give reasons for your answer.

Actually Riders To The Sea is about the movement , the Transformation of Maurya's mind , her change in outlook , her change of world view , the artist in Synge is aware that the word drama means action a that without dramatic action , the audience is unlikely to be spell - bound by the play . He also provides the audience with kinds a forebodings of impending disaster, thereby rising our suspense, a including a number of small incidents such as the almost cat a mouse game with the identification of the clothes, the sighting of almost visionary spectacles such as the star in close proximity with the moon a the resplendently clad Michael. Maurya's recollection --- vivid a dramatic of the death of her seven of her men folk , and the culminating death of Bartley serve to give " breathless place " to the play.

The imagery a symbolism connected with the sea in Synge's play?

Sea is itself a symbol the principle of destruction a preservation of life. Sea is an embodiment of time , taking human beauty a human life away describe the foam , sea -- rocks , incoming tides are like giving life a the outgoing Tides ( ebb Tide ) are like stating life ! Poseidon’s story.....

Riders To The Sea Transcends its regional character into a universal significance?

The uniqueness of Riders To The Sea lies in the fact that this context -- bound, tropical a regional play about the life of a peasant woman a her immediate family in the Aran Islands at the beginning of the 20th cent should attract (attract) and govern the minds of readers throughout the world for aeons to come it is indubitable that the local colour - involving. The presentation of the mores a manners , the superstitions a rituals , the professions a livelihoods , the intimacies a agonies of the A . Islanders in an un-industrialized society should transfix this playing one location at one time. Yet the suffering of a bereaved mother, and the transformation of her character through the realization that it is not her specific tragedy but the tragedy of all mankind, her development from selfishness to selflessness, from ego-centralism to charity a humanity, finds a sympathetic chord in every human breast. The change in world - view, a desirable change for every human bring , makes it universal a journal.

Movement in the plot (materialistic):-

i) Discussion of possibility of Michael’s death
ii) Journey of Bartley after overriding his mother's please
iii) Confirmation of Michael’s death through the identification of his clothes a
iv) The climatic death of Bartley.

Ardhendu De  

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