AD's English Literature : Most common Literary Terms; Schools; Movements

Wednesday, October 24, 2012

Most common Literary Terms; Schools; Movements



  1. Renaissance- renaissance means revival or rebirth of Greek learning, rat, literature and culture of the middle Age in Europe. In England it comes through Italy flourished in the Elizabethan Age in the works of Shakespeare, Spenser, Merowe and Ben ton son.
  2. Reformation- Reformation was a religious Movement led by Martin Luther in the fifteenth century. It protested against the practices of the Roman Catholic Chance. It advocated complete faith in the Bible and one’s own soul for salvation.
  3. Wordsworthian definition of poetry- Poetry is a criticism of life musters the laws of poetic trust and poetic beauty. Poetry is a spontaneous overflow of powerful fillings, taking its origin from emotions recollected in tranquility.
  4. Poetic justice- The term poetic justice is coined by Thomas Rhyme. It means exact reward or punishment given to a character according to his good or bed deeds. This exactness of rustics is possible only in the word of poetry.
  5. Epic- The epic is the greatest and most sublime from of poetry. The Epic in a long poem divided in to several books, celebrating the life, heroic deeds and a achievements of a national hero, whether his trice or legendry.
  6. Mock epic- Mock epic is a paved of real epic in a very trivial or funny incident on which a gab of classical conveyors of a real epic are overlaid.
  7. Sonnet- The term sonnet is derived from the Italian sonnet to which means ‘a little sound’. It is a mystical poem of 14 lines written in Iambic pentameter and linked by an intricate rhyme scheme.
  8. Ode- Ode is a long lyrical poem, serious in subject, elevated in style and elaborates in its stanza structure. It is in the form of an address to the object or the person about whom it is written.
  9. Elegy- An elegy is essentially a poem of mourning or lamentation on the death of some particular person. In the wider use it may also be a poem of mourning on the mortality and vanity of human life in general.
  10. Ballad- THE word ‘Ballad’ literally means ‘a drama song’ Troupes of wondering singers used to sins them from village to village. They generally sang of the brave deeds and heroic exploits of historical or legendary heroes and knights.
  11. Satire- Dryden defines the sativa as ‘a literary composition whose principal aim is to ridicule folly or vice. The true end of satire is an amendment of vices by correction’. A healthy satire good humouredly exposes one’s folly or vice.
  12. Interludes- The Interludes were generally short entertainments inserted within a longer play or amidst some other festivities or festivals. Their primary fun lion was to entertain the audience by humored or by farce.
  13. Tragedy- The tragedy is to the tragic story of a good and great man who, on account of a slight tam in his character, passer trouser a harrowing emotional and spiritual crisis, and focally meets his doom and death
  14. Tragi-comedy- A Tragi- comedy is an artiste’s combination of both tragedy and comedy. It develops as a tragedy to the point of climax, and then takes a happy turn and finally ends into a happy denouement.
  15. Comedy- The comedy is a type of drama characterized by romantic love, humour, pleasantry, and light satire and cross love finally leading to a happy denouement. Thugs fortune may be unkind to some stage, all ends happily at last.

ref: Encarta, Wiki

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An English Teacher;    M. A.(English) , D. Ed., B. Ed., UGC- NET Qualified

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