AD's English Literature : November 2013

Friday, November 22, 2013

Differences Between Audio Lingual and Communicative Language Teaching Methods

The audio lingual method, or the Army method, or also the New key, is the mode of language instruction based on behaviourist ideology, which professes that certain traits of living things could be trained through a system of reinforcement. The instructor would present the correct model of a sentence and the students would have to repeat it. Read More about Philology   The teacher would then continue by presenting new words for the students to sample in the same structure. There is no explicit grammar instruction everything is simply memorized in form. The idea is for the students to practice the particular construction until they can use it spontaneously. In this manner, the lessons are built on static drills in which the students have little or no control on their own output. 

Critical Analysis of George Herbert’s Virtue as a Lyrical Poem due to its Music and Melody ; Simplicity of Language, Spontaneity and Intensity Religious Fevour

An Analysis on Precision of Language,  Metrical Versatility, and  Ingenious use of Imagery or Conceits 
George Herbert’s Virtue

Sweet day, so cool, so calm, so bright,
The bridal of the earth and sky,
The dew shall weep thy fall tonight;
For thou must die.

Sweet rose, whose hue angry and brave
Bids the rash gazer wipe his eye,
Thy root is ever in its grave,
And thou must die.

Sweet spring, full of sweet days and roses,
A box where sweets compacted lie,
My music shows ye have your closes,
And all must die.

Only a sweet and virtuous soul,
Like seasoned timber, never gives;
But though the whole world turn to coal,
Then chiefly lives.

Virtue (The Temple: Sacred Poems and Private Ejaculations) is a didactic poem. It teaches us that virtue is supreme and super lasting. In this world of impermanence, beautiful thing and beauty itself are subject to decay but a truly virtuous soul remains unchanged through all eternally. Read More about Elizabethan Literature  The poem   is finest specimens of metaphysical that are present in the poem are – a blending of thought and feeling metaphysical concentration, unification of sensibility learnedness. Read More about Poetry  
  In Virtue Herbert speaks of the permanence of a virtuous soul. All the beautiful things of the world including a sweet day a sweet rose and the sweet spring are subject to decay but a virtuous soul remains unchanged. To assert his points Herbert uses three images in this poem. First he speaks of a sweet day which must comes to an end and be swallowed up by dark night. Secondly he refers to a sweet rose which in spite of its sweet color and fragrance is destined to wither. Read More about Poetry   Thirdly he speaks of a spring which, with its music and color is damaged to sink into oblivion.

Wednesday, November 20, 2013

A TO Z Literary Principles from History of English Literature: Note 70

A Set of 26 Objective Questions & Answers
1. Which of the following is not a tragedy of blood and revenge?
a. The Spanish Tragedy of Thomas Kyd.
b. Shakespeare's Hamlet.
c. Marlowe's Edward II (it’s a chronicle tragedy)
 2. At the end of The Portrait of a Lady Isabel Archer
I. Goes back to the house from the Garden.
II. Accepts the proposal of Casper Goodwood.
III. Straight away refuses the offer of Goodwood.
IV. Probably goes back to Rome and Osmond.
Which are the correct combinations according to the code?
(A) I and II are correct.
(B) III and IV are correct.
(C) I and IV are correct.
(D) I and III are correct. Read More about A to Z (Objective Questions)
3. Consider the following statements of English Renaissance and choose the given options.
I. The poetry between 1580 and 1660 was the result of a remarkable outburst of energy- Renaissance awakening.
II. It is the drama of roughly the same period that stands highest in popular estimation. 
III. Renaissance drama reached for secular audiences, but the poetry remained the personal patronage.
IV.   Renaissance plays were written in an elaborate verse style and under the influence of classical examples, but the popular taste, to which drama was especially susceptible, required a flamboyance and sensationalism largely alien to the spirit of Greek and Roman literature.
A.    I is correct and IV is its proper explanation
B.     II is correct and III & IV are its proper explanation
C.     I is correct and II is its proper explanation
D.    I is correct and III is its proper explanation

Sunday, November 17, 2013

A TO Z Literary Principles from History of English Literature: Note 69

A Set of 26 Objective Questions & Answers

1. (a)  1066- The year of the Norman-French conquest of England.

   (b)The Germanic tribes from Europe who overran England in the 5th century, after the Roman withdrawal, brought with them the Old English, or Anglo-Saxon, language, which is the basis of Modern English. Read More about A to Z (Objective Questions)

  (c) The Germanic tribes brought also a specific poetic tradition, the formal character of which remained surprisingly constant until the termination of their rule by the Norman-French invaders six centuries later.

(d) The year 1066 is epoch- making in the history of England and English.

(A) only (a) and (b) are correct.

(B) only (d) is correct.

(C) (d) is correct and (a), (b), and (c) are the correct explanation of it.

(D) (a) and (c) are false.

2. Match the following:

I. “The Wanderer” and “The Seafarer”
a. English history from the 10th to the 12th century
II. Anglo-Saxon Chronicle
b. Old English epic poem.
III. “Dream of the Rood.”
c. A Christian poem by Cynewulf and his school
IV. Beowulf
d. Old English poems on the sadness of the human lot

      (I) (II) (III) (IV)

(A) (d) (a) (c) (b)

(B) (d) (b) (d) (a)

(C) (b) (a) (c) (d) Read More about A to Z (Objective Questions)

(D) (a) (c) (d) (b)

3. The original Latin work of Bede’s Ecclesiastical History of the English People is

 (A)  Historica Ecclesiastica Gentes Anglorium

(B) Historica Ecclesiastica Gentis Anglorium

(C)  Historica Ecclesiastica Gentes Anglorium

(D)  Historia Ecclesiastica Gentis Anglorum

4. The following phrases from Shakespeare have become the titles of famous works. Identify the correctly matched group.

(I) Pale Fire
(a) Thomas Hardy
(II) The Sound and the Fury
(b) Somerset
(III) Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are Dead
(c) William Faulkner
(IV) Under the Greenwood Tree
(d) Tom Stoppard

(V) Of Cakes and Ale
(e) Vladimir Nabokov

     (I) (II) (III) (IV) (V)

(A) (e) (d) (c) (a) (b)

(B) (d) (e) (b) (c) (a)

(C) (e) (c) (d) (a) (b)

(D) (c) (d) (b) (e) (a)

4. Match the following:

I. Sir Gawain and the Green Knight
a.  secular vision poem of   semiallegorical nature
II. The Parliament of Fowls
b. impassioned work in the form of dream visions Read More about A to Z (Objective Questions)
III. The Vision of William Concerning Piers the Plowman
c. a romance, or tale, of knightly adventure and love
IV. Le morte d'Arthur
d. Arthurian romance

     (I) (II) (III) (IV)
(A) (d) (b) (c) (a)
(B) (d) (a) (b) (c)
(C) (b) (c) (d) (a)
(D) (c) (a) (b) (d)

George Eliot's Middlemarch: Psychological Novel and Study of Provincial Life and Characters

"Middlemarch, the magnificent book which with all its imperfections is one of the few English novels for grown up people." -Virginia Woolf (1882 - 1941)

George Eliot’s Middlemarch which appeared in parts in 1871-72,   considered by many to have produced her greatest work, enchanted her public with a penetrating, psychological novel set in rural England during the early 19th century. Eliot carefully researched and meticulously detailed the social climate of the time, making the town of Middlemarch and its inhabitants seem true to life-A Study of Provincial Life.

George Eliot's masterpiece, Middlemarch  is an epic novel in every sense of the word. Dealing with English middle-class life in a provincial town, it is socially and politically relevant.  Eliot set the novel forty years earlier, in 1830 – just before the First Reform Bill was passed. Eliot believed that it takes time to understand historical events – it's impossible to understand all the consequences of something right after it takes place. The politics and societal changes were much more interesting in the book . We find ourselves imagining in the book  about medicine or building a railroad, Parliament and etc. It make   sensible to me as well to see it played out by words rather than just reading about it in social history book.

Monday, November 11, 2013

A TO Z Literary Principles from History of English Literature: Note 68

A Set of 26 Objective Questions & Answers

1. Identify the correctly matched group of John Milton’s lines with their corresponding poem.
Corresponding poem
John Milton’s lines
(I) Samson Agonistes A to Z (Objective Questions)
(a) The childhood shows the man,
As morning shows the day. Be famous then
By wisdom; as thy empire must extend,
So let extend thy mind o'er all the world.
(II) Lycidas
(b) She fair, divinely fair, fit love for gods.
(III) Paradise Lost I
(c) At last he rose, and twitched his mantle blue:
Tomorrow to fresh woods, and pastures new.

(IV) Paradise Regained
(d) I may assert Eternal Providence,
And justify the ways of God to men.
(V) Paradise Lost II
(e) Love-quarrels oft in pleasing concord end.

     (I) (II) (III) (IV) (V)
(A) (e) (d) (c) (a) (b)
(B) (d) (e) (b) (c) (a)
(C) (e) (c) (d) (a) (b)
(D) (c) (d) (b) (e) (a)

Sunday, November 10, 2013

A TO Z Literary Principles from History of English Literature: Note 67

A Set of 26 Objective Questions & Answers

1.Match the two columns:
Literary Works                   Author

The Rape of the Lock  -    epic poem by Pope

The Rape of the Lucrecee -      a long poem by Shakespeare

The way of the World  -     A comedy by William Congrave

The Way of All Flesh    -      a novel by Samuel Butler.

The Prelude    -                  A poem by William Wordsworth
Preludes    -                A poem by T. S. Eliot

Elizabethan Essays         -    Prose by T.  S. Eliot

Elizabeth and Essex  A to Z  -  prose by Lytton Stretchey

Everyman           -                  One of the best known morality plays.

Everyman in His Humour    -      Satirical comedy by Ben Jonson.

The Book of The Duchesse   -   A poem by Chaucer

The Book of Martyrs      -          a story by John Foxe

The Pilgrim’s Progress    -              by John Bunyan

The Pilgrim’s of the Rhine     -       by Bulwer Lytton

The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, Gent – a novel by Sterne

Lyrical Ballads   - Collection poems by Coleridge & Wordsworth

Prefare to Lyrical Bullads      -     A prose by Wordsworth.

All for love   -                  A blank verse tragedy by Dryden

Love labour lost   -     A drama by Shakespeare

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