The audio lingual method, or the Army method, or also the New key, is the mode of language instruction based on behaviourist ideology, which professes that certain traits of living things could be trained through a system of reinforcement. The instructor would present the correct model of a sentence and the students would have to repeat it. Read More about Philology The teacher would then continue by presenting new words for the students to sample in the same structure. There is no explicit grammar instruction everything is simply memorized in form. The idea is for the students to practice the particular construction until they can use it spontaneously. In this manner, the lessons are built on static drills in which the students have little or no control on their own output.
|Parameters||Communicative Language Teaching||Audio Lingual Methods|
|Meaning and structure
||Meaning is paramount.||Attends to structure and form more than meaning.|
Contextualization is a basic premise. Read More about Teaching English
|Language items are not necessarily contextualized.|
||Language learning is learning to communicate.||Language Learning is learning structures, sounds or words.|
||Effective communication is sought.||Mastery or "overlearning" is sought.|
||Drilling may occur, but peripherally.||Drilling is a central technique.|
||Comprehensible pronunciation is sought.||Native-speaker-like pronunciation is sought.|
||Any device which helps the learners is accepted - varying according to their age, interest, etc.||Grammatical explanation is avoided.|
|STAGE OF COMMUNICATIVE
||Attempts to communicate may be
encouraged from the very beginning.
Read More about Teaching English
|Communicative activities only come after a long process of rigid drills and exercises.|
||Judicious use of native language is accepted where feasible.||The use of the learners' native language is forbidden.|
||Translation may be used where learners need or benefit from it.||Translation is forbidden at early levels.|
|Reading and writing
||Reading and writing can start from the first day, if desired.||Reading and writing are deferred until speech is mastered.|
||The target linguistic system will be learned best through the process of struggling to communicate.||The target linguistic system will be learned through the overt teaching of the patterns of the system.|
||Communicative competence is
the desired goal.
||Linguistic competence is the desired goal.|
||Linguistic variation is a
central concept in materials and methods.
||Varieties of language are recognized but not emphasized.|
||Sequencing is determined by any consideration of content function, or meaning which maintains interest.||
The sequence of units is determined solely on principles of linguistic complexity.Read More about Teaching English
||Language is created by the individual often through trial and error.||"Language is habit"
so error must be prevented at all costs.
||Fluency and acceptable language is the primary goal: accuracy is judged not in the abstract but in context.||Accuracy, in terms of formal correctness, is a primary goal.|
||Intrinsic motivation will spring from an interest in what is being communicated by the language.||
Intrinsic motivation will spring from an interest in the structure of the language. Read More about Teaching English
||Teachers help learners in any
way that motivates them to work with the language.
||The teacher controls the learners and prevents them from doing anything that conflict with the theory.|
||Learners are expected to interact with other people, either in the flesh, through pair and group work, or in their writings.||Learners are expected to interact with the language system, embodied in machines or controlled materials.|
The teacher cannot know exactly what language the learners will use.Read More about Teaching English
|The teacher is expected to specify the language that learners are to use.|
||The teachers assume a responsibility for determining and responding to learner's language need.||The teachers have no responsibility to determine learner's language need.|
REF: Wiki, Encarta, Learning Tool: Harris Goldsmith, IGNOU Study Materials , Lectures of my Teacher Prof. Gopal Sutradhar