AD's English Literature : February 2014

Wednesday, February 19, 2014

Model English Note - Extra Ten 2 for PGT , TGT and Other Competitive Examinations


  1. Give details of two contrasting creation of The Lamb and The Tyger by the God.

Ans: - According to Blake both the lamb and the tiger are created by God. But they are two contrary aspects of human nature. The nimbler and gentle aspects of human nature are paralleled through the lamb where as the harsher and fiercer aspects are paralleled through the tiger. The calm, pleasant beauty of lamb is God’s love; the fierce passion of the tiger is God’s wrath. The lamb is innocence, the tiger experience.

  1. What are the symbolic stand for The Lamb and The Tyger?

Ans:- With an unmatched skill Blake uses his subtle symbols in his poetry. Here in his poems The Lamb And The Tyger , the lamb represents the purity of the Divine Soul and the tiger represents the fierce of the soul. The tiger stands for the revolt and wrath. However, terrible a tiger may be it is the different manifestation of Christ. The lamb is innocence, love, meekness and beauty of wood.

  1. Mention two key points of epic Machinery asked by pope in The Rape of The Lock.

Ans:- The Rape of The Lock follows all the precepts laid down for the epic except the dignity of subject. In fact it has an invocation to the muse, supernatural machinery; have combats and battles. Even, it has vows of heroes. Here, also, the spirits visits the subterranean regions. But the cutting of a look of a lady’s hair can not be a theme of epic proper. It is mock epic the burlesquing of set literary forms.

Sunday, February 16, 2014

Time Puzzle in Shakespeare’s Sonnet 97 (How like a winter hath my absence been)



  Shakespeare’s Sonnet 97 

How like a winter hath my absence been (a)
From thee, the pleasure of the fleeting year! (b)
What freezings have I felt, what dark days seen!
(a)  
What old December's bareness every where! (b)
And yet this time removed was summer's time,(c)
The teeming autumn, big with rich increase, (d)
Bearing the wanton burden of the prime, (c)
Like widow'd wombs after their lords' decease:(d)
Yet this abundant issue seem'd to me ( e)
But hope of orphans and unfather'd fruit;(f)
For summer and his pleasures wait on thee, (e)
And, thou away, the very birds are mute;(f)
Or, if they sing, 'tis with so dull a cheer (g)
That leaves look pale, dreading the winter's near. (g)
 

Before we analyze the Shakespeare’s Sonnet No. 97 , let's look a glimpse of his sonnets first. His Sonnets were not published between 1598-1609. A contemporary, Francis Meres, praised Shakespeare as a “mellifluous and honey-tongued” poet equal to the Roman Ovid, praising in particular his “sugared sonnets” that were circulating “among his private friends.” There are 154 sonnets describe the devotion of a character, often identified as the poet himself, to a young man W. H. or Fair Friend whose beauty and virtue he praises and to a mysterious and faithless Dark Lady. There is sometimes a rival character, a competitor poet of the poet. Critics debate over the design of the poetry- is it a Shakespeare's inner voice or is it a miniature drama in poetry?

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