AD's English Literature : July 2014

Tuesday, July 29, 2014

Investigating Women’s Roles in Tribal Society with Specific Illustrations from Chinua Achebe’s Novels: Things Fall Apart, No Longer at Ease, Arrow of God, A Man of the People, and Anthills of the Savannah

Keywords: Women's Roles, Tribal Society, Contradictions, Orthodoxy, Igbo Culture, Women Empowerment, Nigerian Integrated Development, Tribal Integration and Development, Feminism, Political Marginalization, New Women, Gender Equality, Eco criticism, Eco feminism



  All of the Chinua Achebe’s novels Things Fall Apart (1958), No Longer at Ease (1960), Arrow of God (1964), A Man of the People (1966), and Anthills of the Savannah (1987) exemplify good socio-historical fictions. Achebe’s talent as a storyteller lies in his ability to recreate the period of African history and give it life and color. His hundreds of carefully chosen details express perfectly the atmosphere and flavor of precolonial to present Nigeria particularly the Igbo world. Although his attention to authenticity is evident, he smoothly incorporates his research into the stories.


Critical Study of Tagore’s Gitanjali in evaluating Indo-Anglian literature



“Even so, in death the same unknown will appear as ever known to me. And because I love this life, I know I shall love death as well.
The child cries out when from the right breast the mother takes it away, in the very next moment to find in the left one its consolation.”

Rabindranath Tagore (1861 - 1941)

Indian poet, writer, and philosopher.

Gitanjali



Indian poet, philosopher, and Nobel laureate, Tagore’s Gitanjali as translated by himself into English made Tagore internationally famous. Gitanjali is a collection of one hundred and three deeply religious and mystical poems which delight, thrill, and uplift us by their noble thoughts and feelings, and which stir and move us by their lyrical qualities. These poems were the fruit of Tagore’s meditations on God, on man, and on Nature against the beautiful natural background of Shantiniketan where Tagore founded his World University (Vishva Bharati). What is most surprising about these “songs-offerings” is the fact that philosophical thoughts and mystical longings have been expressed, and expressed most successfully, through the use of the simplest conceivable language. The simplicity of language, and the intensity, Hinduism found humanist expression and sincerity of the feelings expressed, are some of the reasons for the wide appeal of Gitanjali.

Sunday, July 27, 2014

‘The Owl’ by Edward Thomas and etc.: Has the Owl performed Consistent Symbolism?



THE OWL
—Edward Thomas

Downhill I came, hungry, and yet not starved;

Cold, yet had heat within me that was proof

Against the North wind; tired, yet so that rest

Had seemed the sweetest thing under a roof.



Then at the inn I had food, fire, and rest,

Knowing how hungry, cold, and tired was I.

All of the night was quite barred out except

An owl’s cry, a most melancholy cry



Shaken out long and clear upon the hill,

No merry note, nor cause of merriment,

But one telling me plain what I escaped

And others could not, that night, as in I went.



And salted was my food, and my repose,

Salted and sobered, too, by the bird’s voice

Speaking for all who lay under the stars,

Soldiers and poor, unable to rejoice.


Almost in every country the Owl’s cry bears some special significance. Just as a cuckoo’s note creates a sense of pleasure in our mind as a cuckoo visits us during spring time; so an owl’s cry creates in our mind a sense of impending calamity and suffering. The Owl is a nocturnal bird of prey struggling hard for its existence. This suffering gives its cry a special melancholy tone. Nightingale, Cuckoo, Blackbird and Robin are all merry-birds, but the Owl is a gloomy bird.

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