AD's English Literature : George Orwell’s ‘‘Animal Farm’’ is the most Effective Political Satire

Wednesday, October 15, 2014

George Orwell’s ‘‘Animal Farm’’ is the most Effective Political Satire

 

George Orwell’s ‘‘Animal Farm’’ is   an animal fable to present the evils of soviet political methods. The novel is a systematic satire on the Soviet Union during the Stalin Era. It is the mocking voice of a socialist at the expense of Soviet experience. It is a telling satire on the Stalinist period of Russian History. It is also a warning of what seems to Orwell the inevitable lot of mankind, in the certain conditions and ultimate object of power-seekers and demagogues of any country. Read More Novel It is a protest against totalitarianism. It is a satire upon dictatorship. It seems to be a socialist mockery. It tells the fate of all type of revolutions. It deals with the various virtues and ices of man. Modeled on a relatively simple premise, the novel begins as the animals of Manor Farm unite against farmer Jones to overthrow his tyrannical rule. Understandably ecstatic over their sudden and rather unexpected good fortune, the animals create a new order for the future based on equality and equity. The novel contains lucidity and simplicity of language. Its accurate language has led to clarity and effectiveness. Its style is candid and correct. It is fresh and appealing. It has sufficiency, exactness and accuracy. Read More Novel The novelist is careful in the choice of words and phrases. The paint is hardly dry on their barnyard manifesto, however, when the hated forces and attitudes that triggered their revolt begin to reemerge, eventually to destroy their dream of emancipation. Orwell undoubtedly passes judgement on the fate of revolution by comparing ideological promises with their practical application.  

The theme of the novel is simple. It deals with the revolt of animals in the farm against man. Old major becomes the role model of a revolution launched by pigs to overthrow man’s tyranny. The animals drive out farmer from the farms. Read More Novel  Government falls under the control of pigs. But with the help of their tyranny and ruthlessness, they establish the tyranny. At the end it is confirmed that power had corrupted both the species. The animals like pig stand for the forces of Fascism and capitalism. The novel exhibits the decline of Russian policies.  The pigs (communists) and the human beings (Capitalists) become one regarding their policies and ways of life. In essence, Orwell does not condemn revolution but agonizes over the betrayal of its ideals. Possessing superior knowledge, the pigs assume leadership of the farm, taking a first step to replace the tyranny of the past with a new and more terrifying threat for the future. The pigs learn to control the means of communication and literally create their own truth to dispense to the inhabitants of the farm; this is perhaps the most pessimistic aspect of the novel. In the end, pigs are indistinguishable from farmers and the ideals of the revolution seem distant in the face of terror, manipulation, and despair.
Appearing in a dream, the birth of revolution was the inspiration of old Major, a pig renowned for his wisdom and benevolence. But as the dream becomes reality, the responsibility of the revolution falls on the two most 'preeminent' pigs, Snowball and Napoleon. Thinly disguised, these represent the principals behind the emergence of Soviet Russia—Major and Snowball are Lenin and Trotsky, and Napoleon is Stalin. The writer witnessed the waste of two world wars. Read More Novel Still he dreamt a true and just Society in terms of people in general manpower.  He points out humorously that in ‘‘Animal Farm’’ all animals are equal hut some animals are more equal than others. All animals should he treated as equal. They should be free from exploitation. The novel reveals that poor compass those who wield. ‘‘In each great revolutionary struggle the masses are held by vague dreams of human brotherhood, and then when the new ruling class is well established in power. They are trusted hack into servitude.’’ The Russian Revolution of 1917 started with high ideals and noble hopes, but ii soon degenerated into a hypocritical tyranny under Stalin’s dictatorship. The novelist conveys a message that ideals of which evolutions are made, ease to e tied after the revolution.
Although a clear distinction is made at the beginning of the novel between Jones, as the representative human, and the community of animals inhabiting the farm, the focus quickly shifts to the animals once Jones is overthrown and specifically to the rivalry that develops between Snowball and Napoleon. Read More Novel The elements of humour and satire dominate the novel ‘‘Animal Farm’’. It presents a line combination of humour and wit. There are many humorous situations in the novel.  Benjamin, Moses and Squealer create humorous atmosphere and make us laugh. They create amusing situations. The way they S behave is entertaining. Whymper is also a very amusing character.

“Animal Farm’ is written in allegorical style. The novel is presented as an animal fable. The major characters are symbols. Old Major represents Karl Marx. Napolean and Snowball are symbols of Stalin and Trotsky. Read More Novel Squealer represents Dr. Goebbles. Seven Commandments and Windmill are also symbols. The minor characters are also portrayed symbolically. Boxer represents Alexi Stkhanov a Russian miner. Benjamin represents intellectual class. Mollie represents the members of the middle and working classes. Moses stands for the church or religion. Sugar Candy Mountain is the symbol of the other world of religion. Animal Farm is an allegory. The novel follows the ruthless Napoleon in his quest for individual power. Driving Snowball into exile, Napoleon imposes his oppressive authority on the animals through his manipulation of language, as demonstrated by Squealer, the voice of the revolution who is capable of turning 'black into white,' and the menacing presence of a private army of fierce watchdogs capable of enforcing adherence to his regime.

The failure of the revolution is largely the result of self-defeatism, cynicism, and the inability of the animals either to recognize or resist the oppression imposed on them by Napoleon. Even the basic goodness of the animals, as characterized by the horse Boxer, the symbol of strength, self-sacrifice, and trust, cannot overcome the demise of idealism into blind allegiance and delusion. Read More Novel It is a symbolic description of the problems of society. The animal story is iii the background. It deals with the revolt of animals story is in the background. It deals with the revolt of animals in the farm against man. In the end it is confirmed that power conflicts of both the species. The animals like pig stand for the forces of Fascism and Capitalism. The novelist conveys a message that ideals on which revolutions are made, cease to effect after the revolution.

No comments:

Post a Comment

Drop any query, suggestion or comment here.

Recommendations

About Me

My photo

An English Teacher;    M. A.(English) , D. Ed., B. Ed., UGC- NET Qualified

"Dear Readers/ Students, I am a huge fan of books, English Grammar & Literature. I write this blog to instill that passion in you along with the usual strong will  of  earning some money  through  selling ad space. I also feel proud to be in 'free' literature learning initiative because it will be more  easy to get and find you out there . Already thousand posts written and a few thousand healthy discussions made in this blog. And if  you want to contribute in writing or support in money,  you're welcome." 

You Can  Also Buy My Articles @ Teachers Pay Teachers