AD's English Literature : November 2015

Sunday, November 29, 2015

Understanding The Background Of Teaching Other Than Class Room: How to get the most from the Distance Learning?



"Discussion in class, which means letting twenty young blockheads and two cocky neurotics discuss something that neither their teacher nor they know."

Vladimir Nabokov (1899 - 1977)


In distance learning the study Selected Topic Text divisions replace the lecturer. This is one of the advantages of distance learning; the student can read and work through specially designed study materials at the student’s own pace, and at time and place that suits the student best. Think of it as reading the lecturer instead of listening to a lecturer. In the same way that a lecturer might give the student some reading to do, the study Selected Topic Text divisions tell the student when to read the student’s set books or other materials.

Saturday, November 28, 2015

A TO Z Literary Principles from History of English Literature: Note 93




A Set of 26 Objective Questions & Answers

UGC NET ENGLISH QUESTION BANK

A. ‘Amor Vincit Omnia’ in Chaucer’s The Prologue means Love conquers all:
“It was almoost a spanne brood, I trowe;
For, hardily, she was nat undergrowe.
Ful fetis was hir cloke, as I was war;
Of smal coral aboute hir arm she bar
A paire of bedes, gauded al with greene,
And theron heeng a brooch of gold ful sheene,
On which ther was first writen a crowned A,
And after, Amor vincit omnia.”
B. The renaissance started in Italy and later came into England via France. (European history from 1440- 1540)

How to Know and Understand our Students in Digital India Initiative while Teaching English?





Digital India is an initiative by the Government of India to ensure that Government services are made available to citizens electronically by improving online infrastructure and by increasing Internet connectivity. –Wikipedia

A critical limitation of teacher’s ability to use technology in Digital India Initiative is too little understanding of technology of teachers while teaching English.  In a sense, this is another example of the productivity costs of a lack of ubiquitous computing literacy.  We should spend a lot on technology in Educational Institutes.  If teachers learned more about computing, they could use it more effectively.

Sunday, November 22, 2015

A TO Z Literary Principles from History of English Literature: Note 92



A Set of 26 Objective Questions & Answers

UGC NET ENGLISH QUESTION BANK
                                                                
A.  Match the items in the List – I with items in List – II according to the code given below:
List – I
(years)

List – II
(incidents)

i  1066
1. Henry’s son Edward defeated the rebel factions and restored his father to power.

ii 1215
2. William Duke of Normandy invaded in 1066 and defeated Harold in the famous battle of Hastings.
Iii 1264
3. The Magna Carta agreement signed.
Iv. 1267

4. The outbreak of the second Barons war.

Codes:
i
ii
iii
iv

(A)
2
1
3
4
(B)
2
3
4
1
(C)
2
 3
1
4
(D)
1
2
4
3

B. This is told about The Hundred Years War:

I.   the interference of France in England’s attempt to control Scotland was the only reason for the conflict.
II. Following the Norman Conquest, the connection of England to the continent has been broken. This was succeeded by conflict of interests and hostilities with France between 1337 to 1453.
III. The time that was spent fighting in the battlefield was too long, and this provoked a feeling of animosity in the minds of the English, French, the language of the enemy country was in use in England. The hundred year’s war was partly responsible for the downward trend experienced in the use of the French language in England.
IV. Canons were first used in 1346 by the English at the battle of Crecy.

Find out the correct combination according to the code:
(A) I, II and III are correct, as IV is true explanation of it
(B) I, II and IV are correct, but III is false
(C) I, III and IV are correct, as II is true explanation of it
(D) II, III and IV are correct, but as I is false

Friday, November 20, 2015

Attending Spenser’s Sonnet 57 and Sonnet 67 (Amoretti) Can Be Interesting If We Remember Popular Theme of Indifference and Chastity



"So let us love, dear Love, like as we ought,
Love is the lesson which the Lord us taught."
Edmund Spenser 1552? - 1599
English poet.
Amoretti

The tradition of writing a sequence of many sonnets, based also on the Petrarchan model, was initiated in English by Sir Philip Sidney in Astrophel and Stella 1580, a prolonged argument by the speaker, Astrophel, aimed at overcoming his mistress's indifference and chastity. Other important sequence of the period, Amoretti 1595 by English writer Edmund Spenser, employs similar arguments, though it ends with the possibility that the lovers will unite and eventually marry. Spenser’s Sonnet 57 and Sonnet 67 is an argument by the speaker aimed at overcoming his mistress's indifference and chastity. But both the sonnets are differently modeled. While Sonnet No. 57 uses war metaphor, Sonnet No. 67 uses the hunting one.

Saturday, November 14, 2015

Critical Estimate of Gerard Manley Hopkins’s Sonnet, ‘Thou art indeed Just, Lord, if I contend’



  ‘Thou art indeed Just, Lord’ is one of the most widely known sonnets of Gerard Manley Hopkins. It shows, on the one hand, the deep faith of the poet, and holds, on the other, some of his pleadings and complaints. It is also rich in autobiographical elements. It further shows the technical skill of Hopkins.

Friday, November 13, 2015

Plot Structure of Thomas Hardy’s Epic Novel, ‘Tess of the D’Urbervilles’: How does it differ from a Dramatic Novel?

 Critics (i.e. Prof. L Abercrombie) have divided the novels of Thomas Hardy into two forms: the dramatic and the epic. In a dramatic novel there are a number important characters and the action arises out of the conflict of these actions.  Epic Novel is the story of a single person. There is no sub-plot as in dramatic novel. The main interest centres round- the career of the hero or heroines. However, the entire action of the epic revolves round the life and fortune of the single heroic individual. It is the story of his rise and fall, of the vicissitudes that he faces in the course of his or her life. Conflict there is, but it does not arise out of the characters. It is rather an impersonal conflict between the dominant individual the one hand, Fate or environment, on the other. Thus the Epic Novels in Hardy always create the impression of vast colossal forces ranged automated individual and pounding him to atoms. Tess of the D’Urbervilles and Jute the Obscure are the two important Epic Novels  of Thomas Hardy.

Harlem Renaissance: Burst of Creativity among African American Writers and Artists in the 1920s



If we must die, let it not be like hogs
Hunted and penned in an inglorious spot,
While round us bark the mad and hungry dogs,
Making their mock at our accursed lot.
If we must die, 0 let us nobly die,
So that our precious blood may not be shed
In vain; then even the monsters we defy
Shall be constrained to honour us though dead!
0 kinsmen1 We must meet the common foe!
Though far outnumbered let us show us brave,
And for their thousand blows deal one deathblow!
What though before us lies the open grave?
Like men we’ll face the murderous, cowardly pack,
Pressed to the wall, dying, but fighting back!  ”- Claude McKay’s militant sonnet If We Must Die (1919)

Harlem Renaissance, the burst of creativity among African American writers and artists in the 1920s and early 1930s that was centered in the Harlem neighborhood of New York City. Variously known as the New Negro movement, the New Negro Renaissance, and the Negro Renaissance, the movement emerged toward the end of World War I in 1918, blossomed in the mid- to late 1920s, and then faded in the mid-1930s. The term ‘Renaissance’ which literally means rebirth is loosely applied to this creativity (efflorescence, for it was really a birth) for this was the first opportunity African Americans had to create and celebrate the uniqueness of their culture. The Harlem Renaissance marked the first time that mainstream publishers and critics took African American literature seriously and that African American literature and arts attracted significant attention from the nation at large. Read More Literary Terms Although it was primarily a literary movement, it was closely related to developments in African American music, theater, art, and politics.

Monday, November 9, 2015

Analysis of Mulk Raj Anand’s Story, "The Lost Child": Accepted Part of Our Multicultural Neighborhood in the World

Simply, Mulk Raj Anand’s story, The Lost Child narrates how a little boy was lost in the crowd of a village fair. It tells us how on his way to the fair he was attracted by various things such as toys, sweetmeat, balloons and birds, butterflies and flowers. But what attracted him most was the roundabout. It made him forget his parents and everything else in the world. Thus he lagged far behind his parents and got lost in the crowd of the fair. Here, Anand deals with the child psychology in a sensitive way without shying away from its reality. We too have grown up as an accepted part of our multicultural neighborhood in the world.  Anand’s at his strongest when writing about the Child’s classic confrontational relationship with his world without parents. Young adult readers will be able to identify with the lost child’s struggle to live within his family’s ambit while trying to discover his own world outside.

Thursday, November 5, 2015

Brief Analysis of R.K Narayan’s ‘Engine Trouble’: Greater Simplicity of Plot and Language, even as it Develops a Greater Complexity of Meaning to Exhibit the Domain of India

 Malgudi Days fits neatly into R.K Narayan's literary evolution. According to the author himself, each of his stories displays a greater simplicity of plot and language, even as they develop a greater complexity of meaning to exhibit the domain of India. By the time Narayan wrote Malgudi Days the crowded action of his early fantasies was replaced by introspections of Indianness   stripped to its essence and resonant with meaning.

Tuesday, November 3, 2015

Critical Analysis of Charles Lamb's "The Convalescent": Introspecting Sickness



“The greatest pleasure I know is to do a good action by stealth, and to have it found out by accident.”
Charles Lamb (1775 - 1834)
British essayist.
The Athenaeum, "Table Talk by the late Elia"

The Convalescent was first published in the London Magazine for July, 1825. It was later collected in the Last Essays of Elia which made its appearance in 1833. Charles Lamb is the most delightful and sweetest essayist of English literature. He himself is the subject of his essays and maintains a perpetual friendship with his readers. Lamb's literary essays were often perceptive and original. He had a particular gift for analyzing character and his sensitivity and perceptiveness made him a valuable essayist.

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An English Teacher;    M. A.(English) , D. Ed., B. Ed., UGC- NET Qualified

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