- Two foreign authors who influenced the English fiction in later 19 th century and early 20 th century: French novelists—Flaubert, Zola, Mupassant; Russian novelists—Dostoevsky, Turgency, Tolstoy.
- Three unpleasant plays of G.B Shaw: Windowers’ Houses(1892), Mrs Warren’s Profession(1894), The Philanderer(1893).
- Four pleasant plays of Shaw: a) Arms and the Man (1894), b) Candida (1895), c) The Man of Destiny (1897) , d) You never can tell.
- Two prose works of Shaw: The Quintessence of Ibsenism (1891), The Intelligent Woman’s Guide to Socialism.
- Two plays of J.M Synge: The Shadow of the Glen (1905, a comedy), Riders to the Sea (1904, a tragedy), The Playboy of the Western World.
- One novel and one play by John Galsworthy: Novel-- The Man of Prosperity (1906); Plays—The Silver Box (1906), Strife (1909), and Justice (1910).
- Some works of Oscar Wilde: His poem—Poems(1881), The Sphinx; His prose—Lord Arthur Savile’s Crime; His novel—The Picture of Dorian Gray (1890); His play-- The Importance of Being Earnest (1895, a comedy), Salame (French comedy).
- Two poems by W.B Yeats: The Lake Isle of Innisfree, The Wild Swans at Coole.;Two prose works of W.B Yeats.a) Ideas of Good and Evil (1903), b) Discoveries (1907), c) A Vision. ; Two plays of W.B Yeats: The Countess Cathleen, The Lord of Heart’s Desire, and The Shadowy Waters.
- Some literary periodicals in the later 19 th century:Punch, The Edinburgh Review.
- Two Georgian poets: John Mansfield, Walter De La Mare, Robert Brooke, J.E Flecker, John Drinkwater etc. They are called so because they reacted against the Georgians.
- Two Edwardian novelists: H.G Wells, Arnold Bennet, Galsworthy, Butler.
- Edward VII ascended the throne in 1910 after the death of Queen Victoria.
- The poets of the Nineties (Decadent poets or poets of the Aesthetic School), journal of Decadent poetry : Dawson, Lionel Johnson, Symons, Oscar Wilde. The journal of Decadent poetry is Yellow Book.
- The poets of the thirties of the 20 th century: Auden, Cecil Day Lewis, Luis Macniece.
- Two scientific fantasies by H.G Wells: a) The Wonderful Visit (1895), b) The Invisible Man (1897), c) The War of the Worlds (1898).
- Some philosophers of the 19 th century: Henry Havelock Ellis, Bertrand Russell.
- Two poets of the 1914-1918 war: Robert Brooke, Siegfried Sassoon, Wilfred Owen.
- Two prose works of D.H Lawrence: a) The White Peacock (1911), b) The Trespasser.
- Two novels of D.H Laurence: a) Sons and Lovers (1913, autobiographical), b) Women In Love.
- Two novels of James Joyce: a) A Portrait of the Artist As a Young Man (1916), b) Ulysses (1922)
- Two novels of Virginia Woolf: a) Mrs. Dalloway (1925), b) To the Lighthouse (1927); Two essays of Virginia Woolf: a) Mr Bennet and Mrs Brown, b) The Common Reader, c) The Second Common Reader.
- E.M. Forster wrote A Passage to India , published in 1924.
- Two short stories of E.M Forster: The Celestial Omnibus(1911), The Story of the Siren; Two critical works of E.M Forster: Aspects of the Novel (1927), Abinger Harvest.
- For Aristotle, tragedy is the imitation by means of wards, gesture, music and scenery, of an important action. In another sense especially common in the 18th century, an imitation in a piece of literature that loosely copies another piece of literature. It is, for example, applied to loose translations and modernization.
- Plato was an idealist. He believed that ideas alone are true and real and the earth by things –beauty, woodsmen’s, justice- are mere types or copies of the ideal beauty, good men’s et; which exit in heaven.
- David Daiches: “It is significant that Plato develops this argument first with reference to the painter, and that he takes a simple, representational view of painting. Here the point in clear enough: representational painting is an imitation of a specific object, or groups of objects, and if it is nothing but that, if reality lies not in individual objects but in general ideas or forms, then, from the point of view of the philosopher, whose main interest is in apprehending reality, the painter is not doing anything particularly valuable though-on the other hand, what he is doing is not necessarily vicious, just or the painter, furthermore, only imitates what he sees and does not know how to make or to use what he sees (he could paint a bed, but not make one)so the poet imitates reality without necessarily understanding it”.
A TO Z Literary Principles from History of English Literature: Note 100
An English Teacher; M. A.(English) , D. Ed., B. Ed., UGC- NET Qualified
"Dear Readers/ Students, I am a huge fan of books, English Grammar & Literature. I write this blog to instill that passion in you. I also feel proud to be in free literature learning initiative. Already thousand posts written and a few thousand healthy discussions made in this blog."