(1) Bag Full of Words:
(ii) Moral Purpose:Another trend of the age is its moral purpose reflected both in prose and poetry. Long remarks ‘The tendency of literature is strongly ethical; all the great poets, novelists, and essayists of the age are moral teachers.’
(iii) Truth Inside:The next literary trait is that it breaks away from romanticism and departs from such artistic creed as art for art’s sake. An age of realism, the Victorian Age sought to tell the whole truth— physical and moral diseases of men as well as of their hope and health.
(iv) Self Critical:Though the age is generally viewed to be practical and materialistic, nearly all the authors vigorously attacked materialism and championed a purely ideal conception of life. According to Long, the age was fundamentally an idealistic age, since love, truth, justice, brotherhood—all great ideals are emphasized as the chief ends of life, not only by its poets but also by its novelists and essayists.’
(v) Science Uppermost:In no other earlier age had science exercised such profound influence on the people as the Victorian Age did on them. Its influence is two-fold:
However, the time and its literary products is marked by many drawbacks which can easily dismantle the golden crown.
Conservative attitudes towards the attitude to life and acceptance to love and sex life is reflected in major writers.
(a) Sexual Priggishness:
(b)Narrow Mindedness:Even though late Victorians are ready for rapid changes, the early Victorians are narrowly bowed.
(c) Lack of Liberalism:Liberty the concept was fast changing and the industrialization and colonization put the concept of nations in conundrum.
When there is a mass demand of text for newly learned working class of circulating library, the artists for the first time start writing for demand of mass not of soul!
(d) Lack of Creativity:
Ref: Read the major events/ rulers/writers of these period: @ Short Questions From The Victorian Age (1830-90)
Historical & Literary events
1848 – R B founded
1850 – In Memoriam by Tennyson
1859 – Idylls of The King by Tennyson
1855 – Men and Women by Browning
1842 – Dramatic lyrics by Browning
1847-48 – Vanity Fair - Thackeray
1859 – On The Origin of The species – Charles Darwin
1879 – A Doll’s house – Ibsen
1865,1888 – Essays in Criticism -M. Arnold
Rulers1831-1837 William IV
1837-1901 Queen Victoria
Authors1795-1818 Thomas Carlyle
1809-1892 Alfred Tennyson
1812-1889 Robert Browning
1812-1870 Charles Dickens
1819-1880 George Eliot
1822-1888 Matthew Arnold
1828-1882 D. G. Rossetti
1840-1928 Thomas Hardy