What is true to the action of a tragedy is also true to the tragic protagonist for according to Aristotle, both must be ‘spondaious’: be brave, noble, and Solemn. The tragic protagonist has neither the unblemished goodness nor the unmitigated villainy. He is to Aristotle, the intermediate kind of personage, a man not preeminently virtuous of just, whose misfortune is brought upon him not by vice but by ‘some error of judgment’. Now we will judge Shakespeare’s Tragic Protagonist Macbeth's character in these perspectives.
The tragedy of Macbeth is a penetrating, concentrated, and harrowing study of the ambition of Macbeth and his wife, Lady Macbeth. Shakespeare’s Macbeth is a study of the evil that is in every human heart and of one man’s downfall as he willfully gives way to its temptations. Macbeth is no Iagos who is out and out wrecked and villainous falling far short of the requirements of tragic hero. The fall of Iago like other bad man, does never arouse our pity and terror nor does it awaken in us a sense of waste. Macbeth , on the other hand , appears apparently a villain at heart and a ‘dead butcher’ in his cruel deeds but the living conscience and the sensibility of a poet that lurk within all squalor , nobody misses to mark. A.C Bradley Says, “A Shakespearean tragedy may be called a story of exceptional calamity leading to the death of a man in high state”. Macbeth is Bradley's ‘a man in high state’, not only for his valour and bravery, Shakespeare depicts the character of Macbeth with fitful glimpses of Macbeth’s past glory.