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How to Understand Literary Stories: Book Survey?

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It is time that the art of reading story, of which we have many beautiful examples from infant days, should be strictly distinguished from the burden ofexaminations. Like acting or the playing of music, it is an art of interpretation of self searching. It requires, at its best, an exacting and imaginative scholarship, for we must understand story text in its fullest and most living sense; it requires a power over the instrument of storytelling. We should also take hold of the author's perspectives over the expression of his characters’ voice or the pictures of his story body. Readers’ aim, too, is identical with the aims of the author’s arts of interpretation. Meanings or perceptions of the reading text may vary only if it is well read.
 In that perspective, for understanding literary stories, a time line can help to organize the steps in the process. A Literary Time Line can help us writing down the story's events in the order they occur. It is especially helpful for writing a…

How to become a good Teacher? Your First Class of Teaching Literature- Students and ETC.

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The preparation of Teaching Literature has only been made possible by the very kind help of students who have enabled the teachers to lecture some of many favourite passages from the worthy writings. In the case of teaching, teachers have complete freedom of choice and were generously granted. However, nobody ask a student what he or she likes. The teachers have to tender their gratitude to all the students of English classroom for their most courteous and welcome collaboration in the making of it.
One of the newly appointed teachers  in somewhere in Utopia (?) declared he would not take classes until he knew few students personally, and had dined with each. It is told that he prophesied his class wouldn’t begin to earn repute until he had obtained at least a dozen of his friends on the listening staffs of prominent. It has been rumoured that a teacher’s success in teaching depends on the students’ personal recommendation.

Politics Motivated Chaucer in His Writing: Political Career

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In order to study the Chaucer’s Time through the inputs of history and Chaucer’s own career are worth taking. It cannot be denied that except rich patronage he would not be able to compose such a multitude in his tumultuous years.

 It is worth remembering – what would not be guessed from a study of Chaucer’s writing – that the period in which he lived was a Time of Rapid Change and Events of Confusion. The growing tendency for the commutation of labor service for money – payment combined with the result of the Black Death to cause the decay of villeinage and to increase the independence of the Laborers, who, left small in number by the ravages of the plague, were able to set their own price on their labor. In vain the governing class tried to stop the rise in laborers ‘wages by statutes of laborers’. 

A TO Z Literary Principles from History of English Literature: Note 49

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Short notes on History of English Literature A Set of 26 Objective Questions & Answers


Pecola is a character in:The Bluest Eye. Pecola in Toni Morrison's The Bluest Eye is raped by father figure and the novel is about a young black girl growing up in a violent, racist society.Virginia Woolf was associated with the “Bloomsbury Group”.Bloomsbury Group: Virginia Woolf, Leonard Sidney Woolf, Roger Fry, Clive Bell, John Maynard Keynes, Lytton Strachey, Desmond MacCarthy, E. M. Forster, Vanessa Bell and Duncan Grant. Lucky is a characters in Waiting for Godot.The last book of Gulliver’s Travels is : “Voyage to HouyhnhnmsVI ;“Voyage to Lilliput” I;“Voyage to Brobdingnag” II “Voyage to Laputa”III {Part I, Lemuel Gulliver describes how he began undertaking voyages as ship’s surgeon, and ended up during one voyage shipwrecked in Lilliput, a land where the people are twelve times smaller than in England. In Part II, another voya…

A TO Z Literary Principles from History of English Literature: Note 48

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Short notes on History of English Literature A Set of 26 Objective Questions & Answers 1.The style of the Sidney’s pastoral romance, Arcadia is highly “conceited”, full of elaborate analogies balanced parenthetical asides and pathetic fallacies. 2.Jonson’s comedies are not merely farcical, it is written with a purpose. 3.Sidney’s pastoral romance Arcadia was famous in its day. 4.The mariner found in Utopia a far different world from European corruption, crime, waste and war. 5.Man and Superman is a magnificent philosophical play by Bernard Shaw, described as “A comedy and a philosophy”. 

Analysis of John Keats’ Ode to the Grecian Urn: Contrasting the Real and the Ideal

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"'Beauty is truth, truth beauty,'—that is all
Ye know on earth, and all ye need to know."
John Keats (1795 - 1821) English poet. "Ode on a Grecian Urn"


Treatment of Beauty A Controversial Poem As a poem Blemished by the Final Didacticism Keats, unlike Wordsworth certain man's spiritual uplift in Nature or Shelley's faith in Promethean salvation, was a poet who primarily explored the human predicament the yawning chasm between the real and the ideal , the temporal and the timeless misery and serenity , the decay and eternity . If the poem like Ode to Autumn ,and Ode on Indolence are concerned with the sensuous enjoyment of earthly luxuries , and if Ode on Melancholy deals with beauty ' that must die ' Ode to a Nightingale and Ode to the Grecian Urn are attempts at a resolution of the human dilemma while in ode to a Nightingale the 'forlorn' poet realize the 'deceiving' nature of the Nightingales imaginative world , in the O…

ANALYSIS OF ANDREW MARVELL'S TO HIS COY MISTRESS

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Introduction:Marvell, the metaphysical poet, who carried the school of Donne to its zenith, uses all the ingenuous resources to present the carpediem theme of the conquest of time through intense enjoyment. Marvell’s To His Coy Mistress is one of the most eloquent. Although Marvell rides on the theme of the love and time, Marvell is unique in his use of wit and logic, on the one hand and intense emotion and passion on the other. Imagery in poetry refers to the use of various sense impressions from the varied worlds of perception to vivify a particular emotion or theme. The metaphysical poets, Marvell in particular, were renowned for their distinctive use of imagery known as conceits. Conceits are the intense and elaborate parallels which amaze the readers by their ingenuity and appropriateness in spite of the seeming differences. Even Johnson called it the ‘yoking’ of the disparate, a finding of resemblance between things apparently unlike. Celebrated example from Donne include The us…

Tips for College Service Commission Interview

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Colleges (College Service Commission) require a personal interview with the students to meet with members of the admissions and faculty staff.   Interviews with   the admissions and faculty officer   further evaluate the applicant’s strengths. In addition, they offer the applicant an opportunity to answer questions about the knowledge base and to demonstrate personal communication skills.

Analysis of William Shakespeare’s Sonnet No. 13 , Sonnet 29 and Sonnet 30 : The Center of a Sequence of Sonnets dealing with the Narrator’s Growing Attachment to the Fair Lord and the Narrator’s Paralyzing Inability to Function Without Him

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William Shakespeare’s Sonnet No. 13is at the center of a sequence of sonnets dealing with the narrator’s growing attachment to the Fair Lord and the narrator’s paralyzing inability to function without him. In fact, the first 17 sonnets the poet urges the young man to marry and beget children, since his youth will fade. conforming the same line Sonnet No. 13 begins with the image of the poet drifting off into the “remembrance of things past” – painful memories, we soon learn, that the poet has already lamented but now must lament a new. The fair lord enters the scene only in the sonnet’s closing couplet, where he is presented as a panacea for the poet’s emotional distress.

Closely morning the message of Sonnet 29, here Shakespeare cleverly heightens the expression of his overwhelming anxiety by belaboring the theme of emotional dependence. Whereas in Sonnet 29 he quits his whining after the second quatrain, in Sonnet 30 three full quatrains are devoted to the narrator’s grief, suggesti…

William Shakespeare's Sonnet No. 130 Describes his Beloved’s Beauty in a Practical Way

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SONNET 130

My mistress' eyes are nothing like the sun;
Coral is far more red than her lips' red;
If snow be white, why then her breasts are dun;
If hairs be wires, black wires grow on her head.
I have seen roses damask'd, red and white,
But no such roses see I in her cheeks;
And in some perfumes is there more delight
Than in the breath that from my mistress reeks.
I love to hear her speak, yet well I know
That music hath a far more pleasing sound;
I grant I never saw a goddess go;
My mistress, when she walks, treads on the ground:
   And yet, by heaven, I think my love as rare
   As any she belied with false compare.





William Shakespeare’s sonnets are highly metaphorical. The sonnets derive their artistic unity less from the story that runs intermittently through them than from their exploration of the universal human themes of time, death, change, love, lust, and beauty. Shakespeare’s deep seriousness permeates even the most lyrical passages. 

A TO Z Literary Principles from History of English Literature: Note 47

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A Set of 26 Objective Questions & Answers


She Stoops to Conquer: Goldsmith's She Stoops to Conquer is based upon an actual happening, which is reported in Irving's Life of Goldsmith. Two young men get into a private house by mistake, directed there as a practical joke by some one who told them that it was an inn. The daughter of the house plays maid, and naturally one young man falls in love with her. There is a delightful complication of happenings. By the use of pictures and outside reading about the period, these interesting days of the eighteenth century may be vivified.Literature and science: Literature really consists of experience, experimentation; it has nothing to do with speculation. In its essential nature it is the science of the inner; it is as scientific as any other science. The difference between literature and science is not of their methodology but only of their object.

A TO Z Literary Principles from History of English Literature: Note 46

Short notes on History of English Literature
A Set of 26 Objective Questions & Answers

a.Catherine is the heroine of ‘A Farewell to Arms’. Henry is the hero of ‘A Farewell to Arms’. Lieutenant Henry was commander of an Ambulance unit.

b. Willy Loman is a hero of ‘Death of a Salesman’.

c. ‘Walden’ is written by Thoreau. Mahatma Gandhi was inspired by Thoreau. Thoreau had read Hindu Scriptures.

d.‘Stopping by Woods’ inspired Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru.

e. Frost is also called a regional and pastoral poet.

A TO Z Literary Principles from History of English Literature: Note 45

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Short notes on History of English Literature
A Set of 26 Objective Questions & Answers

a.An interesting picture of Coleridge's school days is portrayed in the essay titled Christ's Hospital in Essays of Elia.
b.Lucky and Pozzo in Waiting for Godot are locked in a sadomasochistic bonding of master and servant.
c.It was Ezra Pound who suggested the title 'The Waste Land' for Eliot's poem.
d.In Preface to Fables Dryden compares Chaucer with Ovid and Boccaccio.
e.According to I.A. Richards Tone signifies the writer's attitude to the reader.
f.The term 'Immediate Constituent' was introduced by Leonard Bloomfield.

A TO Z Literary Principles from History of English Literature: Note 44

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A Set of 26 Objective Questions & Answers
Figures of Speech/ Literary Terms


Alliteration:The repetition of similar sounds, usually consonants, at the beginning of words. For example, Robert Frost’s poem “Out, out—” contains the alliterative phrase “sweet-scented stuff.” Allusion:A reference within a literary work to a historical, literary, or biblical character, place, or event. For example, the title of William Faulkner’s novel The Sound and the Fury alludes to a line from Shakespeare’s Macbeth.Assonance:The repetition of vowel sounds in a sequence of nearby words. For example, the line “The monster spoke in a low mellow tone” (from Alfred, Lord Tennyson’s poem “The Lotos-Eaters”) contains assonance in its repetition of the “o” sound.Caricature: A description or characterization that exaggerates or distorts a character’s prominent features, usually for purposes of mockery. For example, a cartoon of a gaunt Abraham Lincoln with…

Robert Greene : Prominent Renaissance Writer of Novel, Prose and Drama

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The domination of poetry was supreme in the Elizabethan period. Simple, lucid rational, restrained, matter of fact, unimaginative prose was not the order of the day. The prose of the early writers like Lyly and Sir Philip Sidney influenced the later writers and a sort of Arcadianism and Euphuism came into being. In short it was a sort of poetic that had its say subsequently. Robert Greene (1560 – 92), a disciple of Lyly, wrote more pleasingly than some of his contemporaries. Educated at the universities of Oxford and Cambridge, Greene was a prolific and popular prose writer.

The ordinary Life of England does not come much into Elizabethan prose. However, in Robert Greene , picaresque narratives show something of the English heroes (!) in action. His prose romance, Marmillia (1533) written in imitation of Euphues, by John Lyly warns the young against the distraction of the so called pure love which might reduce them to lust. His other works include The Myrrour of Modestie (1584); Perime…

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An English Teacher;    M. A.(English) , D. Ed., B. Ed., UGC- NET Qualified

"Dear Readers/ Students, I am a huge fan of books, English Grammar & Literature. I write this blog to instill that passion in you."