AD's English Literature : January 2016

Sunday, January 31, 2016

Analysis of Leo Tolstoy’s “Three Questions”

  • What is the right time to begin something? 
  • Which people should he listen to? 
  • What is the most important thing for him to do?


As at the core of the Buddha’s enlightenment there was the realization of the Four Noble Truths, Tolstoy’s story of Three Questions puts forth fundamental reality of life. While working on the later parts of his life, Tolstoy began experiencing bouts of depression, which at times were so severe that he considered suicide. He was tormented by the need to find a meaning for his life that would not be annihilated by death. His Ispoved’ (1882; A Confession, 1885) describes this spiritual struggle and the solution he found: to practice what he saw as the essence of Christianity—that is, universal love and passive resistance to evil. A series of religious writings amplified this new faith. In these, he urged people to live according to the dictates of conscience, which meant practicing universal love and living as far as possible by their own labor. He also declared all forms of violence equally wrong, including war and the compulsion that the state uses against its citizens.

Friday, January 29, 2016

What is called an Anthology? The Modern Age in the History of English Literature: How can it be Anthologied?



"A well chosen anthology is a complete dispensary of medicine for the more common mental disorders, and may be used as much for prevention as cure."
Robert Graves (1895 - 1985)



Anthology whose origin is in Greek means “flower gathering”. However, in literary context, Anthology is a book consisting of a series of literary selections, usually from various authors and usually of literary value. Such collections have been compiled since antiquity.

Monday, January 25, 2016

What do you mean by ‘Task Based Language Teaching’? How can you use this to develop English Skills?

 Task Based language Teaching” refers to the system where the language is acquired through practice. Teacher sets various types of tasks to the students, where they can find the opportunity to use the language either orally or in writing. Teachers ask our students to do something in class which they would do in everyday life using their newly learned language. Participation of the student in various task based activities will make the students active and a feeling of success. This will help the students to enjoy the class and give them a feeling of satisfaction.

Sunday, January 24, 2016

Thomas Hardy’s views on Marriage and Sex Relations: Should Tess Get a Fair Deal at the Hands of Victorian Society?

"No one has written worse English than Mr Hardy in some of his novels...but at the same time so strangely expressive of something attractive...that we would not change it for the perfection of Sterne at his best."

Virginia Woolf (1882 - 1941)



Hardy believed that a marriage should not be the result of momentary impulse or a passing fancy. He was thus against a marriage based on love at first sight. A marriage to be successful, to be most candid to the happiness of the married couple, should be based on a harmonic of taste and temperaments. Angel Clare wants to marry a dairymaid because she is likely to be a true helpmate to him in his vocation of farming. He feels, and he reflects the views of Hardy that a fashionable woman of high society would not be a good wife for him, for she would not be of help him any way in the vocation that he has chosen for himself. He therefore prefers Tess to Mercy Chant. Tess is a novel by Thomas Hardy a young woman from a farm family who has two unhappy love affairs, Tess falls in love with a nobleman , becomes pregnant, and returns home in disgrace. She soon falls in love and marries Angel Clare , but when he learns of her sordid past, he rejects her. Later, Clare has a change of heart, and the two men vie for her affections.

Thursday, January 21, 2016

Dylan Thomas’s ‘Poem in October’ Celebrates “The Unity of Man and Nature, of Past and Present, of Life and Death”


 “It is my aim as an artist . . . to bring . . . wonder into myself, to prove beyond doubt to myself that the flesh that covers me is the flesh that covers the sun, that the blood in my lungs is the blood that goes up and down in a tree.”--Dylan Thomas

Dylan Thomas’s ‘Poem in October’ is a birthday poem. It celebrates the joy a person feels on the arrival of such a day in course of time. But the poem is more than such a celebration. Its theme, a closer look at the poem will convince us, is pantheism—‘a belief that God is everything and that everything is God’. Though the poet has used certain terms of Christianity (such as parable, chapel, mystery, truth etc) in it, his use of them is such that we shall be definitely off the track if we take them is indicative of Christianity. The poem’s message, if it does have any, is not Christian but pantheistic. It gets corroborated by his own assertion: ‘It is my aim as an artist to prove beyond doubt to myself that the flesh that covers me is the Flesh that covers the sun, that the blood in my lungs is the blood that goes tip and down in a true.’ This kind of utterance can only be made by one who is at heart nothing but a pantheist. It is because of such faith that Thomas can think of a bond of unity that binds all things of the universe. It is because of such faith that he can think of the existence of a unity binding man and nature, past and present, and life and death.

Sunday, January 17, 2016

A TO Z Literary Principles from History of English Literature: Note 99

A Set of 26 Objective Questions & Answers

UGC NET ENGLISH QUESTION BANK

1.     Alexander is the author of An Essay on Criticism (1711) and Matthew Arnold is the author of The Essay in Criticism (1865).
2.     Two philosophical poems of Pope: To Lord Bathurst and An Essay on Man.
3.     In Dunciad Pope attacks Theobald who pointed out some mistakes in Pope’s edition of Shakespeare.

Saturday, January 16, 2016

Fielding’s Tea-Party in ‘A Passage To India’: How is It a Success in Achieving its Objective of Harmonizing and Bridging the Englishmen and the Indians



 The culture clash in this Fielding’s A Passage to India is wide enough to be bridged so easily. The culture clash, however, is not only between Indians and British, but also between two distinct groups of Indians—Muslims and Hindus. However, Fielding’s tea-party plays a vital role in shaping the mood of the novel.  Whereas the Collector’s Bridge Party is a failure in achieving its objective of harmonizing and bridging the Englishmen and the Indians, Fielding’s tea-party is a success. Fielding is also an Englishman. But he is kind and genial; he believes that the world is a globe of men who are trying to reach one another by the help of goodwill plus culture and intelligence. He has none of the racial arrogance of the local Britishers and is therefore disliked by them. He does not behave like the sahibs, and is not liked by the Anglo-Indian ladies.

Friday, January 15, 2016

Gerald Gould's "BEYOND the East the Sunrise: beyond the West the Sea;" : Stating the Process of Conscious Discovery by Human Beings in the World around them

Geographic Exploration is the process of conscious discovery by human beings of the world around them. The human species is highly mobile, migrating and traveling to every corner of the globe. In this, we are not unique. What sets human beings apart from other living creatures is our ability to discover. Many other creatures share humankind’s curiosity, but we alone can communicate our discoveries. Human societies acquire a collective awareness of their known world, and the most adventurous have the urge to discover what lies beyond and to return to describe their findings.

Jim Corbett’s 'Life at Mokameh Ghat' in 'My India': Splendid Story that Reinforces the Notion that People must Learn to Live together in Harmony



Jim Corbett’s My India is a splendid story that reinforces the notion that people must learn to live together in harmony were actually the seed of communal discomfort at pre independence is fermenting. here is well documented and Written at the British India when the peoples of the India looked forward to a time of freedom fight through Gandhian peace and prosperity, the story of the coming of the new railroads to live among the Indian populace  symbolizes the optimism of these years. Jim Corbett does not, however, allow the development of his theme to rest on sentimentality and false hope. In fact, Jim Corbett become a trans-shipment Inspector for the Bengal and Northwestern Railway where he spent 21 years, working with hundreds of simple, loyal and hardworking labourers. Most of the stories in My India revolve around this period he spent in Mokameh Ghat. The book includes twelve dashing description of Jim’s motherland and Life at Mokameh Ghat is his 12th or the last piece of the book. Will will now reflect after Jim Corbett his days at Mokameh Ghat.

Tuesday, January 5, 2016

A TO Z Literary Principles from History of English Literature: Note 98



A Set of 26 Objective Questions & Answers
UGC NET ENGLISH QUESTION BANK

1.      Eliot uses the term objective correlative as a compact critical theory in his essay, Hamlet and His Problems. ‘Objective correlative’ is the term referring to a symbolic article used to show inexplicable feelings like emotion. The term was popularized by Eliot in the essay Hamlet and His Problems. However,  the term was first used by Washington Allston.
2.    Seamus Heaney was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature in the year 1995. 

Sunday, January 3, 2016

A TO Z Literary Principles from History of English: Note 97



A Set of 26 Objective Questions & Answers
UGC NET ENGLISH QUESTION BANK
The History of English Literature
                                                             
1. Why are the dates 410 A.D and 597 A.D important?
Ans: The year 410 A.D is important in the history of England because it is the year when the Romans withdrew from this year. The year 597 is important because St. Augustine came to England and Christianity was introduced in this year.Read More A to Z (Objective Questions) 
Ans:  Dear’s Lament and Wulf and Eadwacer

A TO Z Literary Principles from History of English Literature: Note 96



A Set of 26 Objective Questions & Answers
UGC NET ENGLISH QUESTION BANK
                                                                 
1.      The Jacobean age: Jacobean age started in 1603 which is the year of Elizabeth‘s death. It was called so because it was the age of James1.
2.    Metaphysical poets: Crashaw, George Herbert, Vaughan and Marvell.
3.    Cavalier poets: Richard Lovelace, Herrick and Sir John Suckling are cavalier poets. They are called so because they were opposed to the puritans and were loyal to the king. They dealt with the theme of love.

A TO Z Literary Principles from History of English Literature: Note 95



A Set of 26 Objective Questions & Answers
UGC NET ENGLISH QUESTION BANK

1. Doctor Johnson contributed his essays to - The Examiner.
2. In the Preface to Lyrical Ballads, Wordsworth propounded his theory of -Poetic Diction.
3. The critical term ‘Negative Capability’ was introduced by John Keats.
4.   Life of Milton has been written by -Samuel Johnson.

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An English Teacher;    M. A.(English) , D. Ed., B. Ed., UGC- NET Qualified

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