A TO Z Literary Principles from History of English Literature: Note 95



A Set of 26 Objective Questions & Answers
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1. Doctor Johnson contributed his essays to - The Examiner.
2. In the Preface to Lyrical Ballads, Wordsworth propounded his theory of -Poetic Diction.
3. The critical term ‘Negative Capability’ was introduced by John Keats.
4.   Life of Milton has been written by -Samuel Johnson.
5. A Hunger Artist by Franz Kafka  explores themes like death, art, isolation and personal failure, this work is one of Kafka’s best and, sadly, most autobiographical.
6. An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge by Ambrose Beirce  is set during the Civil War, where a man is about to hang for being a Confederate sympathizer.  
7. Brokeback Mountain by Annie Proulx is a cowboy love story. 
8. Fall of the House of Usher by Edgar Allan Poe is a classic tale of gothic horror will have you hanging on to every last detail. Many of Poe's tales are distinguished by the author's unique grotesque inventiveness in addition to his superb plot construction.  Similar stories: The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym (1838), ; The Fall of the House of Usher (1839), ; The Pit and the Pendulum (1842), ; The Tell-Tale Heart (1843), ; The Cask of Amontillado (1846),
9. ‘In Milton there is always an appearance of effort; in Shakespeare, scarcely any’. This remark has been made by William Hazlitt (Lectures on the English Poets, Lecture iii. On Shakspeare and Milton.)
10. Coleridge’s Biographia Literaria was published in -1817
11. Wordsworth has expressed his views on transmigration and the immortality of the soul in his poem -Ode on Intimations of immortality.
12. T.S. Eliot was awarded the Nobel Prize in the year-  1948 .
13. Matthew Arnold has defined poetry as ‘a criticism of life’. Matthew Arnold advocated the method in criticism:  touchstone.
14.  'Say what have to say, what you have a will to say, in the simplest, the most direct and exact manner possible.' Who has given this advice? Walter Pater.
15. 'Poetry is not a turning loose of emotion, but an escape from emotion’. This has been said by T. S. Eliot.
 16. Shaw himself remarked that Man and Superman is ‘a philosophy and a comedy'. The play is indeed a vast receptacle of thought but the most serious thought/ subject has been treated very lightly.
17. A Good Man Is Hard to Find by Flannery O’Connor has a manipulative grandmother in at the center of this tragic and shocking story about coming to terms with who you really are.
18. Harrison Bergeron by Kurt Vonnegut is a dystopian story society has finally achieved equality by handicapping the most intelligent, athletic or beautiful members of society. Unconventional short fiction became even more widespread after World War II.  
19. In the Penal Colony by Franz Kafka is an elaborate torture and execution device that carves a sentence into a prisoner’s skin before death is at the center of this famous short story by Kafka. The themes of Kafka's work are the loneliness, frustration, and oppressive guilt of an individual threatened by anonymous forces beyond his comprehension or control.  
20. Man from the South by Roald Dahl is a, a mysterious man offers a bargain for lighting a lighter on the first try.
21. A Shakespearean sonnet has the following rhyme scheme: ABAB, CDCD, EFEF, GG
22. “The future of poetry is immense, because in poetry…. our race, as time goes on, will find an ever surer and surer stay.” – This claim for poetry is made in Arnold’s The Study of Poetry.
23. List of dystopian writing:  George Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four, Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World, William Golding’s Lord of the Flies
24. Names associated with the translation of the Bible: Miles Coverdale, William Tyndale, and John Wycliffe
25. Sequence in which all Shakespearean tragedies are structured: Exposition- Conflict- Climax- Denouement
26. The term, ‘curtal sonnet’, was coined by Gerard Manley Hopkins.


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