Freedom of Expression: In spite of the general movement towards freedom of expression, the 20th century came up with some of the most amazing decision: among novels declared ‘obscene’ were some of the master pieces of this century including The Rainbow, Lady Chatterley’s Lover, Ulysses, The Tropic of Cancer and Lolita. The saga began as early as 1915, the year in which The Rainbow was published and immediately banned for being, in the sententious language of its critics ‘a monotonous wilderness of phallic is on’ and ‘a greater menace to our public heath than any of the epidemic diseases to fight’.
Sex and Literature: Lady Chatterley's Lover raise the greatest of furors for its uninhibited use of four letter word, and frank depiction of sexuality. It was consequently censored for almost thirty years before the jury ultimately passed the verdict of being not guilty of pornography .And almost everyone concurred that the unexpurgated book is a better literary work than the expurgated one and that the evil of censorship was much worse than the evil in the book. Bernard show went so far as to declare, ‘If I have a marriageable daughter . I will certainly ask her to read this book; Mulk Raj Anand opined that ‘Through this book Lawrence tried to teach the young the value of the body’s rapture in the eternal cycle of creation’. Ulysses the path breaking stream of consciousness novel , too, was duely banned but has today achieved general recognition as a classic and is now readily available. Even Henry Miller, who has been described by George or well as ‘The only imaginative prose-writer of the slightest value who has appeared among English-Speaking races for some years past’ had been banned for a considerable period of time.Vladimir Nabokav’s Lolita, a fictional case study of an unusual relationship between a ‘nymphet’ and a middle-aged man has often been subjected to lurid comment. But for all his cunning, Humbert , the narrator hero is only a pathetic self-conscious creature and a bundle of feverish anxieties.It too has today been deemed a moral work . In France novelist like Gide, Proust, Beauvoir and Camus have been subjected to much less censorship than the writer in the English speaking world. Again, much of Aldiss’s work are characterized by innovative , open treatment of sex as a theme. All Jean Genet's works also expose his deep sense of sympathy with the outcasts of society as they are confronted by omnipresent crime, sex, and death.