Languages, which show some common features and some shared properties, are said to belong to one family. It is assumed that such systematic similarities cannot be accidental; these similarities are there because the concerned languages have ‘descended’ from a common ‘parent’. That is, at some point of time, there was a language spoken all over a given geographical area which over a period of time broke up, fragmented, into a number of ‘sibling’ varieties. With the passage of time these varieties become sufficiently different from each other to be considered as separate languages.
Macbeth By William Shakespeare
Act II, SCENE III. Court of Macbeth's castle.(porter Scene)
Knocking within. Enter a PorterPorter
Here's a knocking indeed! If a
man were porter of hell-gate, he should have
old turning the key.
knock, knock! Who's there, i' the name of
Beelzebub? Here's a farmer, that hanged
himself on the expectation of plenty: come in
time; have napkins enow about you; here
you'll sweat for't.
knock! Who's there, in the other devil's
name? Faith, here's an equivocator, that could
swear in both the scales against either scale;
who committed treason enough for God's sake,
yet could not equivocate to heaven: O, come
"It is now six and thirty years since I took my seat at the desk in Mincing-lane. For the first day or two I felt stunned, overwhelmed. I could only apprehend my felicity; I was too confused to taste it sincerely. I wandered about, thinking I was happy, and knowing that I was not."--- The Superannuated Man
(The Devotional Element--- Sensuousness and Religiousness -- The Religious and Spiritual Characteristics )
From Chaucer to Spenser
History / Events
1455-85 Wars of the Roses begin
1492 Columbus lands in West Indies
1535 Sir Thomas More, St John Fisher, Anne Boleyn, William Tyndale executed.
1549 Book of Common Prayer.
1476 Printing press started.
1412 Govenail of princes by Hoccieve.
1422 The Kings Quair by James I
1470 Morte Darthur by Malory (1085)
1516 Utopia by More (Latin)
1551 Utopia by More (English)
1557 Tottel’s Miscellany by Wyatt.
The Inter – War years (1918-39)
1936 – :Allen Lane founded The Penguin Books, B B C starts.
1939 –: World War II begins.
1922 –: Ulysses –- Joyce
The Waste Land – -T. S. Eliot.
Forsyte Saga – -Galsworthy.
1932 –: Brave New World- – Huxley.
1935 – Murder in The Cathedral – T. S. Eliot
T. S. Eliot
W. H. Auden
Wilfred Owen, Siegfried Sassoon, Rupert Brute Edward Thomas etc are war poets.
Reference:An Introduction of English Literature to Foreign Students, R. J.Rees
Till wind distresses tail and main;
Then one crops grass, and moves about
- The other seeming to look on -
And stands anonymous again”
The Birth of Modern Literature (1890-1918)
1903 – Daily Morror started
1914 – First World War starts. Huge recruitment campaign for the Army.
1917 – Russian Revolution
1918 – Woman over 30 gains vote.
1921 – Irish Home Rule Bill passed, warnings of possible civil war(1914). Irish free state established
1891 – Tess of The D’urbervilles – Hardy
1895 – Almayer’s Folly – Conrad
1895 – Time Machine – H. G.Wells
1897 – Nigger of The Narcissus – Conrad
1898 – Plays: Pleasant and unpleasant – Shaw
1889 – The Wanderings of Oisin – Yeats
1907 – The playboy of The Western world – Synge.
1910 – Justice – Galsworthy
1915-- The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock- T S Eliot
1916-- A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man- James Joyce
1917-- Prufrock and Other Observations- T S Eliot
Much like a monologue a soliloquy and its imaginative space convey a great deal of information about characters their inner most thoughts, feelings, passions and motives. In Macbeth too much of the psychological and philosophical interest of the play reside in them. The soliloquies of Macbeth are more like interior debates, a fascinating aspect of Macbeth’s motivation.
An English Teacher; M. A.(English) , D. Ed., B. Ed., UGC- NET Qualified
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