AD's English Literature : A TO Z Literary Principles from History of English Literature: Note 67

A TO Z Literary Principles from History of English Literature: Note 67

A Set of 26 Objective Questions & Answers

1.Match the two columns:
Literary Works                   Author

The Rape of the Lock  -    epic poem by Pope

The Rape of the Lucrecee -      a long poem by Shakespeare

The way of the World  -     A comedy by William Congrave

The Way of All Flesh    -      a novel by Samuel Butler.

The Prelude    -                  A poem by William Wordsworth
Preludes    -                A poem by T. S. Eliot

Elizabethan Essays         -    Prose by T.  S. Eliot

Elizabeth and Essex  A to Z  -  prose by Lytton Stretchey

Everyman           -                  One of the best known morality plays.

Everyman in His Humour    -      Satirical comedy by Ben Jonson.

The Book of The Duchesse   -   A poem by Chaucer

The Book of Martyrs      -          a story by John Foxe

The Pilgrim’s Progress    -              by John Bunyan

The Pilgrim’s of the Rhine     -       by Bulwer Lytton

The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, Gent – a novel by Sterne

Lyrical Ballads   - Collection poems by Coleridge & Wordsworth

Prefare to Lyrical Bullads      -     A prose by Wordsworth.

All for love   -                  A blank verse tragedy by Dryden

Love labour lost   -     A drama by Shakespeare

Portrait of dare           -    a novel by Francis Bret James

A portrait of A lady               -   a novel by Henry James

The Duchess of Dadna         - a drama by Oscar Wilde

The Duchess of Malfi           -   tragedy John Webster

A Tale of Two cities           -   a novel by Dickens

A Tale of Manchester Life        -   a novel by Mrs. E. Gaskell

The Anatomy of Melancholy        -    a critique by Robert Burton

The Anatomy of the world     -       a poem    by   Donne

The Battle of Books            -   a satire by swift

The Battle of Maldon         -   Anclo Saxon war poem.

A women killed with kindress        -   a drama by Heywood

The woman in the Moon                - a play by Lily

Ode on The Nativity            -  a poem by Milton

Ode on Duty                -   a poem by Wordsworth

2. Which of the following is not true of post-structuralism?

(A) It seeks to undermine the idea that meaning pre-exists its linguistic expression.

(B) There can be no meaning which is not formulated and no language formulation reaches anywhere beyond language.

(C) There is no a-textual ‘origin’ of text.

(D) Every sign refers to every other sign adequately.

3. Which of the following statements is not true of Wole Soyinka’s The Swamp Dwellers?

(A) It talks about the family, the extended family in the African society.

(B) It is a confrontation between the traditional and modern society.

(C) It talks about the migration of people, crossing of borders and diasporic anguish.

(D) It is a comment about the city, urban, modern and the country rural, the swamp, the ancient.

4. Arrange the following English literary periods in the order in which they appeared. Use the codes givenbelow: Read More about A to Z (Objective Questions)

Codes :

I. Elizabethan II. Caroline III. Anglo Norman IV. Early Tudor

The correct combination according to the code is

(A) III, II, IV, I (B) III, IV, II, I

(C) II, III, IV, I (D) III, IV, I, II

5. Which of the following plays is not written by Rabindranath Tagore?

(A) Sacrifice (B) Chandalika

(C) Muktadhara (D) Eknath

6. Given below are two statements, one is labeled as Assertion (A) and the other labelled as Reason (R) :

Assertion (A) : A quarto refers to a text in which each leaf was a quarter the size of the original sheet.

Reason (R) : Because eight pages of text were printed on large sheets of paper, which were then folded four times to produce four leaves.

In the context of the above statements, which one of the following is correct?

(A) (A) is correct but (R) is wrong.

(B) Both (A) and (R) are correct.

(C) (A) is wrong but (R) is correct

(D) Both (A) and (R) are wrong.

7. The purpose of the Pre-Raphaelites was primarily to promote

(A) Complexity and ambivalence in art and literature.

(B) Simplicity and naturalness in art and literature.

(C) Symbolic and classical modes in art and literature.

(D) Psychological and mythic modes in art and literature.

8.In Memoriam related to Adonais:  These are two famous elegies written by Tennyson and P. B. Shelley respectively. In In Memoriam Tennyson laments the death of his college friend Arther Hemry Hallam who died in shipwreck, while Adonais is Shelley’s elegy on the premature death of Keats. Here Shelley criticizes those critics whom he finds responsible for Keats premature death.

9. List of Pen names:

Pen names                                                                  Authors

Autolycus                                          ¬  Aldous Huxley

Mark Twain                                        ¬  Samuel Cemens

George Eliot                                       ¬  Mary Ann Evans

Elia                                                    ¬   Charles Lamb

Boz                                                    ¬ Charles Dickens

Currer Bell                                         ¬  Charlottle Bronte

Ellis Bell                                             ¬  Emily Bronte

Acton Bell                                          ¬ Anne Bronte

10. Adonais and Thyrsis related:  Both are two great elegies written by Shelley and Arnold respectively in memory of their friends Keats and Arthur Hugh Clough.

11. Graveyard school of poets: The graveyard or Churchyard school of poets is those who write elegies. These poets belong to no particular age, no particular period, nor are they poets who wrote only elegies and no other kind of poetry. Quite a large number of poets including Spenser, Milton, Gray, Shelley, Tennyson and Arnold wrote elegies. They can be said to be the graveyard school of poets.

12. Satire: A to Z (Objective Questions)It is a literary composition whose principal aim is to ridicule folly or vices. It provides humour and laughter and the true end of satire is the amendment of vices by correction.

Exp. Dryden’s Absalom and Achitophel

Butter’s Hudibras

Swift’s Gulliver’s Travels

Pope’s Dunciad.

13.Regional novel: In this type of novel a particular region, it’s geographic paint, social and religious customs, people and manners are highlighted with a faithful account.

     Hardy’s Wessex novels, Narayan’s Mulgudi novels are such examples.

 14. An adult second language learner finds it impossible to form second language sounds that do not occur in his first language.

 15. PRB: The initial PRB stands for Pre Raphaelite Brotherhood. At first the brotherhood exhibited together anonymously, signing all their paintings with the monogram P.R.B. when their identity and youth were discovered I 1850, their works were harshly criticized for its disregard of academic ideals of beauty but also for its apparent irreverence in treating religious themes with an uncompromising realism. Nevertheless, the leading art critic John Ruskin defended them and their art. A to Z (Objective Questions)

16.Body and soul: Marvell’s “The Coronet” seeks to explore the human condition in terms of the  Body and soul.

17. Hythloday in Thomas More’s Utopia did not correspond in biographical background to an actual historical person.

18. Gothic fiction: It is a type of crude, horror and mysterious novel plot. The little word comes from ‘Goth’ a medieval tribe in Germany and their love for magic, witchcraft and delight in ‘ruins’. By the interest of medievalism this type of novel has a rapid growth at the end of 18th century. A to Z (Objective Questions)

Authors                      Novels

Horace Walpole                - Castle of Otranto

Clara Reeve                        -   Old English Baron

Ann Radcliffe                      -  Romance of the Forest

M.G. Lewis                      - Ambrosio or the Monk

19.Common in A Room of One’s own, A Vindication for the right of Women and The Second Sex:  These three works are notable writing on Feminist movement. Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindication for the right of women laid the foundation of the feminist movement. Virginia Woolf’s A Room of One’s own and Simone de Beanuoir’s The Second Sex followed next.

 20. Dramatic monologue: Dramatic monologue is a type of poetry where the speaker through this interior monologue reveals same of his crises of mind. It is dramatic in the sense that one or more than one passive listener might be present whose reaction can be felt by the very words of the speaker. Ex.-Two in the Champagne, The Laboratory.

21. Abbey Theatre: (earlier name Irish Literary theatre, Irish National Theatre) founded by W. B. Yeats, Lady Gregory in 1899. It produced plays with a markedly national emphasis. W. B. Yeats was director of the Abbey Theatre until his death in 1939. Other major playwrights who contributed are J. M. Synge, Sean O’ Casey, James Stephens etc. A to Z (Objective Questions)

22.Court Comedy: These are the comedies written to be performed at the royal court. They are of artificial plot, little action; elaborate costume and scenery, prominence of music, song, wit etc. Examples: Love’s Labour’s Lost (Shakespeare), Endimion, Alexander and Compaspe (Lyly).

23. Domestic tragedy: These are the tragedies related to ordinary, day-to-day affairs of life. Instead of great heroic personage it includes ordinary people and their problems. Exmp: Thomas Heywood’s A Woman killed with kindness, John Mansfield’s Tragedy of Nun. Miller’s The Death of Salesman. A to Z (Objective Questions)

24. Rhyme royal: It was used by Chaucer for the first time in English in Troilus and Criseyde and then by Shakespeare in The Rape of Lucrece. The rhyme scheme of the seven line stanza in rhyme royal is a b a b bcc. It looks as if a quatrain has been dovetailed on to two couplets.

25.Ottava rima – It was introduced in England by Wyatt in the 16th century. The premier example of this verse form is Byron’s Don Juan. The rhyme scheme of the eight line stanza is a b ab ab cc. A to Z (Objective Questions)

26. Pathetic fallacy – First coined by John Ruskin. It is similar to personification where attribution of human capacities is given to natural objects.  
Ref: 1. History of English Literature- Albert     
        2. The Concise Cambridge History of English Literature

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