- Periodical publications released on a regular basis may include news, feature articles, poems, fictional stories, or other types of writing. It is a magazine or journal published at regular intervals: monthly, quarterly, etc.
- The periodical, as we understand it today, dates from the middle of the 17th century.
- Little Magazine, a form of periodical, devoted to publishing specialized, avant-garde writing and criticism.
- Because of limited circulation and marginal financial backing, the so-called little magazines are generally short-lived.
- Historically, most periodicals have differed from newspapers in their format, publication schedule, and content.
- The exclusively literary periodical is more recent.
Short notes on:Poetic Term /Rhetoric/ Figure of Speech
- “We are free to infer that, on the last day of the fast, Raju, "Swami” dies opportunely, a martyr.” – Discuss.
- Some are born saints, some achieve sanctity, and some have sanctity thrust upon them. Perhaps, Raju is one of these last! –Discuss.
- Sketch of the Character of – Raju in R. K. Narayan's The Guide.
Towards the end of the novel Tess of D’Urbervilles, Hardy says that if Aeschylus had been the author of the novel, he would have described the story of Tess as a game played by the president of the Immortal. Hardy seeks to suggest that according to Aeschylus man is but a toy in the hands of some supreme powers which may suitably be called the president of the immortality. Whether Aeschylus exclusively advocates the supremacy of fate or some Devine power is a question which is not without controversy. But since our subject is Hardy, and Aeschylus, we should not enter into the thorny area of Aeschylus is fatalism. Hardy seems to be much in common with Shakespeare in so far as his tragic vision is concerned. Shakespeare thinks that though there is divinity that shapes our end, we are also party responsible for our consequences. Some say that Shakespeare is out to illustrate the formula – ‘character is destiny’ what Shakespeare intends to do, is to emphasize the reality that tragedy is a joint product of both character ad fate and circumstances. Macbeth, for example, is over ambitious. But this is not excursively the cause of his fall. He meets the weird sisters at a crucial time. He marries a lady who adds fuel to the fire of his ambition. King Duncan takes the initiative in visiting the castle of Macbeth at a crucial hour. All these factors jointly prepare the ground which eventually proves to be the grave of Macbeth has his fall partly for his vaulting ambition and partly for a set of situations. Hardy insists on this format of joint responsibility, especially in his novel, The Return of The Native. The novel records the life of a man, called Clym Yeobright who is strikingly above the average. Though he has many starting qualities, he has his flaw too. He is extremely obstinate and terribly idealistic. But whatever his flaw there may be in his character, he alone is not responsible for the tragic catastrophe of the novel. He is confronted to a number of adverse situations. And the combination of his flaw and the unfavourable situations bring about his disaster.
- The Political Time: The reign of Queen Anne in early 18th-century England is commonly known as Augustan age. During this period, the satirist Jonathan Swift, the poet Alexander Pope, and the essayists Joseph Addison and Sir Richard Steele were among the major literary figures.
- The Style in Motions: Their neoclassical style employed Roman forms, such as the ode, and emphasized common sense, moderation, reason over emotion and elegance over brevity. In the eighteenth century the subjects of study became more numerous and more systematic. And it was the good fortune of England that prose in the age had become a pliant and serviceable medium.
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