Samuel Taylor Coleridge: The Exponent of Romantic Poetry , Critic and Philosopher



                                                            
“How great a possibility; how small a realized result.” -Thomas Carlyle Referring to Samuel Taylor Coleridge.{Letter to Ralph Waldo Emerson}

Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1772-1834), , the exponent of Romantic poetry , critic and philosopher, was born in Devonshire on October 23, 1772 and educated in Christ’s Hospital school in London. The highly imaginative and vivid images of his poems along with their varied rhythms and strange settings evoke the mysterious atmosphere of a fairy tale or nightmare. In 1796, he published his first volume, poems on various subjects and poems in 1797. Twelve months later he met William Wordsworth which proved the beginning of a fruitful creative relationship. From is friendship resulted lyrical Ballads which opened with Coleridge’s Rime of the Ancient Mariner and ended with William Wordworth’s Tintern Abbey. These poems not only set a new style of using everyday language but also enable interpreted the beauties of the physical world in a more mysterious and spiritual maunder while Wordsworth dealt with it philosophically. Coleridge married. Sarah Hutchinson in 1795 to whom he devoted his work Dejection: An ode (1802). His other notable poems push shed in later years were Kubla Khan and Christable. Here is few lines from his Kubla Khan:




Samuel Taylor Coleridge
And all should cry, Beware! Beware!
His flashing eyes, his floating hair!
Weave a circle round him thrice,
And close your eyes with holy dread,
For he on honey-dew hath fed,
And drunk the milk of Paradise.



Coleridge’s most notable critical prose work is Biographia Literaria- The evolution of fundamentally new critical principles in literature. Here is an analyses of his critical power, demonstrations of Worthworthian theory of poetry and the most enduring exposition of the Romantic theory as it exists in English. His other practical criticism too helped to elevate the reputations of Renaissance dramatists and poets neglected in the 18th century.


Question-1. Name two supernatural poems by his?

2. How does he define imagination in his literary theory?



Ref: 1. History of English Literature- Albert     

     2. The Concise Cambridge History of English Literature

      3. Microsoft Students’ Encarta


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