Comparative Study of Spenser's Amoretti ( Sonnet No. 75) and Sidney’s Astrphel and Stella ( Sonnet No.1)

Even though the Spenserian Sonnet Sequence of Amoretti parallels the contemporary sequences like Sidney’s Astrophel and Stella, Daniel's Delia, Drayton’s Idea, and Shakespeare's sonnets, it is unique in the realm of love-sonnets by the virtue of its dramatic lyrics. 

Sonnet No.75 (One day I wrote her name upon the strand) of Amoretti not only presents the dramatic background for the intensely personal colloquy between the lover and the beloved, but it seems to be even a reenactment of the eternal drama of mortality and immortality. 

The first quatrain presents the lover attempt to eternize his beloved’s name on the sea-shore, the second the lady’s virgins opposition since she feels instead that she cannot be eternized by a mere physical etching; and finally  the poet lover's declaration that the extermination of his beloved would proceed naturally from time's point of view but his poetry enliven their token of love forever.
              “Vayne man”, sayd she,“that doest in vaine assay,
            A mortall thing so to unmortalize,
            For I my selve shall lyke to this decay,
            And eek my name bee wiped out likewise”.

He entertains the life from art rather than materialistic . Here, however, Spenser’s virtuosity lies in rendering the lyric into dramatic, something which almost no other sonneteer have even attempted, or even if attempted, achieved with least success. The abrupt beginning, the conversational tone and the vigorous exchange transform the sonnet in to a miniature drama.  
               “My verse your virtues rare shall eternize”.
            And in the heavens wryte your glorious name.
            Where when as death shall all the world subdew,
            Our love shall live, and later life renew”.
Sonnet No.1 of Sidney’s Astrophel and Stella skills a poem which almost is an ‘inspiration’ in an epic, presents the poets problem as a lover. An ordinary man would have angrily waxed alone about his love being a poet.  "Loving In Truth" by Sir Phillip Sidney can hardly avoid discussing, In "Loving In Truth," here is the challenge of writing an romantic love  poem but also   the   hurdle for Sidney  in  writing  so.

Sidney must also consider the problem of poetic expression. The poet as lover sent to search the appropriate poetic medium for the amorous intend of his heart and as a poet-lover he is aware that the conventional Patrarchan mode would be inappropriate is this case. 

“Oft turning others’ leaves, to see if thence would flow
Some fresh and fruitful showers upon my sunburned brain.
 But words came halting forth, wanting Invention’s stay;”

Through the course of his poem he would realign the most efficacious means of acquiring a love-mate's unique and individual love, and therefore demands the true voice of keeling or Spontaneous lyricism weaning from the heart. Sidney’s poem is in many may distinct from art of Petrarch. Thus his poem is an origin text about the notion of originality in love poetry.

Ardhendu De

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An English Teacher;    M. A.(English) , D. Ed., B. Ed., UGC- NET Qualified

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