A TO Z Literary Principles from History of English Literature: Note 50

 History of English Literature

A Set of 26 Objective Questions & Answers 

  1. Jeremy Collier’s A Short View of the Immorality and Profaneness of the English Stage attacked   William Congreve. In fact,   the work of Congreve and his colleagues was attacked by the clergyman Jeremy Collier as licentious. Congreve replied him with Amendments of Mr. Collier's False and Imperfect Citations (1698).
  2.   John Ruskin’s Sesame and Lilies influenced Mahatma Gandhi.
  3. Graham Greene’s novels are marked by Catholicism. This English novelist was concerned with spiritual struggle in a deteriorating world. His writings are seriously concerned with the moral, social, and religious problems of the time. Greene himself had been converted to Roman Catholicism in 1926.
  4. One important feature of Jane Austen’s style is humour and pathos.
  5.  The title of the poem ‘The Second Coming’ is taken from The Bible. Second Coming which is also known as Parousia means the return of Jesus Christ. On the basis of certain sayings of Jesus, the Christians expect that   after the ascension Jesus would come again in the spiritual life and usher in the full glory of the messianic age (Matthew 24:29-31; Mark 13:24-27; Luke 21:25-28).  
  6.  The main character in Paradise Lost Book I and Book II is Satan.
  7.  In Sons and Lovers, Paul Morel’s mother’s name is Mrs. Morel.
  8.  The twins in Lord   of the Flies are Sam and Eric.
  9. Mr. Jaggers, in Great Expectations, is a lawyer.
  10. Vanity Fair has the sub-title ‘A Novel Without a Hero’.
  11.  In ‘Leda and the Swan’, Leda , in Greek mythology, wife of Tyndareus, who was king of Sparta, and the mother of Castor and Polydeuces, Clytemnestra, and Helen of Troy. After the god Zeus had wooed Leda in the guise of a swan, she laid two eggs. From one were hatched Polydeuces (also known as Pollux) and Helen, who were immortal children of Zeus, and from the other Castor and Clytemnestra, who were mortal children of Tyndareus.
  12. Hopkins invented the term ‘Sprung rhythm’. This verse structure, so named by Hopkins because it seems abrupt in contrast to the running rhythm typical of the poetry of his time, approximates the stresses of natural speech. It differs from the conventional system of a regular number of stressed and unstressed syllables per foot
  13. Tennyson wrote the poem ‘Defence of Lucknow’.
  14. Shakespeare’s The Tempest has an epilogue.
  15.   Hamlet’s famous speech ‘To be,or not to be; that is the question’ occurs in Act III, Scene I.
  16. The Crystal Palace, a key exhibit of the Great Exhibition, was designed by Joseph Paxton for the Great Exhibition of 1851 in London, England. Because of its great size and its innovative use of glass and iron in prefabricated units, it was a milestone in the development of modern architecture.
  17.  Influence of the Indian Philosophy is seen in the writings of T.S. Eliot.
  18.  Gulliver discovered mountain-like beings in The land of the Brobdingnagians.
  19.  The epigraph of   The Waste Land is borrowed from The Satyricon by Gaius Petronius. Allen Tate called ‘The Waste Land ‘a music of ideas’. T. S. Eliot has borrowed the term ‘Unreal City’ in the first and third sections from Dante. The Waste Land covers the myth of Oedipus, Grail Legend of Fisher King, and Philomela.
  20. Joe gargey is pip's brother in law (husband of pip's abusive sister), Estella is Miss Havisham's adopted daughter.
  21. Gonzalo in The Tempest   is referred to as an honest old counselor.
  22. Or, What you Will is the sub-title of the play Twelfth Night.
  23.   Shakespeare’s Hamlet, according to T. S. Eliot, is ‘artistic failure’.
  24. Paradise Lost is considered Milton’s masterpiece and one of the greatest poems in world literature. It is written in 12 books that vividly tell the story of Satan’s rebellion against God and his tempting of Adam and Eve to eat the forbidden fruit of the tree of knowledge.
  25. In Pride and Prejudice, Lydia elopes with Wickham.
  26. Coleridge was esteemed by some of his contemporaries and is recognized today as a lyrical poet and literary critic of the first rank. His poetic themes range from the supernatural to the domestic. His treatises, lectures, and compelling conversational powers made him perhaps the most influential English literary critic and philosopher of the 19th century.

Ref: 1. History of English Literature- Albert 

       2. The Concise Cambridge History of English Literature


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