Showing posts from August, 2013

A TO Z Literary Principles from History of English Literature: Note 58

History of English Literature: A Set of 26 Objective Questions & Answers : Epic and Mock Epic
Epic: The epic poetry is a long narrated poem recounting heroic action usually of one principal hero. Among the early epics 'The Mahabharata' and ‘The Ramayana’ in India and Homer’s, a Greek epic poet  , ‘The Iliad’ and ‘The Odyssey’ in ancient Greek are the only well known classical epic. The epic has certain characteristic. It begins with ‘The Proposition’ i.e. the statement of the themes and the ‘Invocation’ or ‘Virgil’s ‘Aeneid’ which is an imitation of Homer’s Iliad and Milton’s ‘Paradises Lost’ which follows Virgil’s Aeneid, both begin with a clearly define, propulsive and invocation. In the epic contains a no  of thrilling episodes and digressive such as the mustering of troops battles, duels wanderings, ordeals and the like. The incredible advent so, narrated excite, wonder and admiration. Read More about A to Z (Objective Questions)Supernatural agents of control the actio…

The Art of Essay Writing: Essential Elements- Observations, Expectations and Experiences


A TO Z Literary Principles from History of English Literature: Note 57

History of English Literature: A Set of 26 Objective Questions & Answers Mystery, Morality and Miracle Plays

A TO Z Literary Principles from History of English Literature: Note 56

History of English Literature: A Set of 26 Objective Questions & Answers
Influences of Modern  Inventions on Literature.Consequences brought about the First World War.Impact of Psychology on Modern  Literature. Reasons for the Dominance of the Novel. Rebirth of the Drama in the Twentieth Century.  Modern inventions and discoveries by universities, government agencies, private industries, or privately endowed foundations have changed the lifestyle of the modern men. Particularly, Methods in industry and agriculture, methods in business and finance have been revolutionized, and all these innovations and modifications have their influence on the physical environment in which the modern author moves and has his being. More directly, the modern press, made possible through improvements in machine production, the rapid collection of news, and the speedy distribution of newspapers and magazines has shown its power in formulating the taste and opinions of readers, and in publicizing autho…

Humanism: Crosscurrents of Major European Intellectual Thoughts

"A man's ethical behavior should be based effectually on sympathy, education, and social ties and needs; no religious basis is necessary. Man would indeed be in a poor way if he had to be restrained by fear of punishment and hope of reward after death."-Albert Einstein (1879 - 1955)

Any level of discourse to a moral Essay on humanism must represent the truth of the human condition. There is hardly any doubt that humanists’ social and political thought must gone through the crosscurrents of major European intellectual thought, especially socialism, religiosity and humanism. Here we will try to peep through their intelligentsia.
Humanism broadly defined as an attitude that emphasizes the dignity and worth of the individual was, in fact, the ‘Renaissance’ of classical literature and thought. The word “Humanism” is here used in a very wide sense, and this gives rise to considerable difficulty in drawing the line of exclusion. As a literary and cultural movement that spread…

A TO Z Literary Principles from History of English Literature: Note 55

History of English Literature: A Set of 26 Objective Questions & Answers:  Up to PopeQueen Elizabeth: Queen Elizabeth died in 1603, thirteen years before Shakespeare, twenty-three years before Bacon.Elizabethan: The term Elizabethan is applied not only to those who wrote while the Queen was on the throne but to Jacobean writers as well; that is, to writers of the reign of James I. The literature of the two reigns are thus grouped together because they have many characteristics in common. Elizabethan Renaissance: It is intellectual awakening which came first to Italy upon the rediscovery of Greek and Latin literature, followed by discoveries in the realm of science which swept away many of the crude ideas which had prevailed during the Middle Ages, and a vast widening of the world through the voyages of Columbus and the later explorers.

A TO Z Literary Principles from History of English Literature: Note 54

History of English Literature : A Set of 26 Objective Questions & Answers: Metaphysical Poetry                                The metaphysical school of poetry is the kind of poetry written by a group of poets under the leadership of John Donne in 17th century. Other poets of the group are George Herbert, Richard Cashew, Henry Vaughan and Endrew Marvell. It was Dr. Johnson who named Donne and his followers Metaphysical Poet’s. The name is now applied to those poets who employed a similar poetic manner and imagery, both in secular poetry and in religious poetry.In a number of other lyrical and narrative works Sidney and Spenser displayed the ornate, somewhat florid, highly figured style characteristic of a great deal of Elizabethan poetic expression; but two other poetic tendencies became visible toward the end of the 16th and in the early part of the 17th centuries.

A TO Z Literary Principles from History of English Literature: Note 50

History of English Literature
A Set of 26 Objective Questions & Answers 
Jeremy Collier’s A Short View of the Immorality and Profaneness of the English Stageattacked   William Congreve. In fact,   the work of Congreve and his colleagues was attacked by the clergyman Jeremy Collier as licentious. Congreve replied him with Amendments of Mr. Collier's False and Imperfect Citations (1698).   John Ruskin’s Sesame and Lilies influenced Mahatma Gandhi.Graham Greene’s novels are marked byCatholicism. This English novelist was concerned with spiritual struggle in a deteriorating world. His writings are seriously concerned with the moral, social, and religious problems of the time. Greene himself had been converted to Roman Catholicism in 1926. One important feature of Jane Austen’s style is humour and pathos.

Robert Lynd's On Not Being a Philosopher: Discussion Epictetus's Philosophy

Simply, Robert Lynd (1879 - 1949), the Irish essayist and journalist, became interested in Epictetus in his essay On Not Being a Philosopher. He wanted to read his works. He wonders if in the words of Epictetus, was the book of wisdom that he had been looking for at intervals ever sine he was at school. He never lost his early faith that wisdom could be found somewhere in a book. He desired wisdom. He wanted to get it at the cost of a few shilling. So he read the books of Emerson and Marcus Aurelius. He thought to become wise by reading. But when he finished reading, he was the same man that he had been before.Still he never lost faith in books.

Lynd read Epictetus. He agreed with nearly everything he said. He found close resemblance between the opinions. Epictetusheld the same opinions. He felt death, pain and poverty as real evils except when he was in arm-chair reading a book by a philosopher. Even in the small things of life he failed to comfort himself like a philosopher of the sc…

George Bernard Shaw’s Philosophy of Life: Creative Evolution and Life Force,

"Shaw's judgements are often scatterbrained, but at least he has brains to scatter."-                   Max BeerbohmPre-eminently a first-rate dramatistwhose work had a major influence on British drama, Shaw is a philosopher par excellence, with a definite philosophy of life. As a philosopher he is the chief exponent of the philosophic doctrine known as Creative Evolution. The earliest statement of his philosophic doctrine appears in his Man and Superman as the doctrine of Life Force. This doctrine runs through most of his later plays and takes final shape as the doctrine of Creative Evolution in his Back to Methuselah published in 1921. 

A. C. Ward has traced the growth and development of Shaw’s philosophic doctrine in the following wards: “This play was Bernard Shaw’s earliest full statement of his conception of the way of Salvation for the human race, through obedience to the Life Force, the term he uses to indicate a power continually working upon the hearts of men …
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