A TO Z Literary Principles from History of English Literature: Note 86

A Set of 26 Objective Questions & Answers


(a). What is the sources of Farces? Name two Farcist playwrights.

Farces   have its origin in France and Germany: well known Farcist playwright   Hans Sachs (France),   John Heywood (England). 

(b). What are the Masques?

 Masques are a type of play with poetry, music, dance and songs that was popular in the 16th and 17th centuries. Read More A to Z (Objective Questions)    

(c). How far can you trace Travel literature?

Travel literature gained currency during the song Dynasty (960 – 1279) of medieval China. The travel literature authors: Fan Chengda (1126 – 1193) and Xu Xiake (1587 – 1641) in China ;  Sir John Mandeville, the account of Marco Polo’s journey to China, Elizabeth an age of navigation, the discovery of Americas and West Indies as reported by Hakluyt, Raleigh and Drake in Britain.

(d). what is imperialist travelogues? Why are they called so? Read More A to Z (Objective Questions)    

 Examples of Travel or imperialist travelogues are Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness, Sara Mills Imperial Eyes (1992). Heart of Darkness is about imperial exploration of Congo while the latter is a form of transcultural inquiry into the intersection of gender and colonialism.

(e). Can you group Morality Essays?

 These all can be grouped as Morality Essays: Frederick Watkins The Age of Ideology, Adam Smith’s The Wealth of Nation, Robert Nozick’s A Libertarian Conception of Distributive Justice, Russel Kirk’s The Problem of Social Justice, Mikhail Bakunin’s letter to La Liberte, Martin Luther King’s Letter from Birmingham Jail, John Rawls A Kantian Conception of Equality, Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Valediction of the Rights of Woman and William Godwin’s Love of Justice. The aims of such essays that are termed moralistic are to identify and correct such misbehaviours in the society Read More A to Z (Objective Questions)    

(f) Crites praises the ancients and Eugenius vindicates the moderns.

(g) Dr. Johnson did not agree with Milton’s political principles.

(h) Arnold stood for romantic values in criticism.

 (i). “Coates (1986) studied men-only and women-only discussions and found that when women talk to each other, they reveal a lot about their private lives. They also stick to one topic for a long time, let all the speakers finish their sentences and try to have everyone participate. Men on the other hand, rarely talked about their personal relationships and feelings, but compete to prove themselves better informed about current affairs, travel, sports, etc. The topic change in men’s conversation and they try to establish a reasonably stable hierarchy, with some men dominating the conversation and others talking very little.”: Now tell us what Coates is pointing out here.

(i) Sex and gender are very important social variables in language use.

 (ii) Men and women use language differently.

(iii) Apart from the difference in voice pitch of men and women, other findings reveal that women speak in a considerably intelligent way from men.

(iv) Men and women use language in particular ways because of their gender.

Find out the correct combination according to the code:

(A) I, II and III are correct, as IV is true explanation of it

(B) I, II and IV are correct, but III is false

(C) I, III and IV are correct, as II is true explanation of it

(D) All the above statements are correct

 (j)- Who is known as the father of English Criticism?

(a) Sir Philip Sydney (b) John Dryden (c) Matthew Arnold (d) Dr. Johnson

(k) “Language really used by men” should be the language of poetry and that the subject matter of poetry is incidents and situations from common life.” Who is the proponent of this view? (a) T. S. Eliot (b) I.A Richards (c) Wordsorth  (d) Coleridge Read More A to Z (Objective Questions)    

(l) “Poetry is a criticism of life.” It must answer the question as to

“How to Live”? Who is the exponent of this view? (a) John Ruskin (b) Dr. Johnson (c) Matthew Arnold (d) None of these

(m). Which among the following books was not written in relation to Geoffrey Chaucer’s  The Canterbury Tales ?

(A) Henry Dudeney’s book The Canterbury Puzzles

(B) Angie Abdou’s The Canterbury Trail

(C) Hilaire Belloc’s Cautionary Tales

(D) Richard Dawkings’ The Ancestors Tale: A Pilgrimage to the Dawn of Evolution

 (n)- According to Aristotle, tragedy brings about the Catharsis of emotions.

(o)- An essay on Dramatic Poesie was written by John Dryden

(p)- The ‘Lyrical Ballads’ was written by Wordsworth & Coleridge.

(q)- Coleridge belongs to romantic school of criticism.

(r) The term Aristotle uses for purgation of emotions as:

(a) Katharsis (b) Anag (c) Hamartia (d) Pen

(s) Dryden wrote:

(a) Biographia Literaria (b) Lyrical Ballads

(c) An Essay on Criticism (d) An essay on Dramatic Poesy

(t) Complete Wordsworh’s definition that poetry is a “Spontaneous--- of powerful feelings”

(a) Release (b) discharge (c) overflow (d) flow Read More A to Z (Objective Questions)    

(u) Who forwarded the ‘Toutchstone Method’ for the real estimate of poetry?

(a) Shelley (b) Sidney (c) Longinus (d) Arnold

(v)Who collaborated with Wordsworth in bringing out Lyrical Ballads?

(a) Scott (b) Southey

(c) Lamb (d) Coleridge

(w) From whom did the English romantic poets get the idea of ‘Return to Nature’?

(a) Godwin (b) Cobbett

(c) Rousseau (d) None of these

(x)  Which magazine did T.S. Eliot edit?

(a) The Spectator (b) The Criterion

(c) The Examiner (d) None of these Read More A to Z (Objective Questions)    

(y)  Who was Thomas Aquinas? Why is he noted for?

 Thomas Aquinas, a Professor of Sacred Theology, moral philosopher and a catholic teacher was a critique and moralist who was popular for his ability to sieve the philosophy of the pagan Greek philosopher, Aristotle and decided its level or measure of relevance to Catholicism and theology. He wrote classics that covered the entire doctrine of Catholicism and trinity to morality before he died in 1274. Read More A to Z (Objective Questions)    

(z)  What was the message deliver in The Divine Comedy?

In The Divine Comedy written after 1302, Dante was quite critical of the church of Rome. His criticisms were about the failure of Popes and the clergy to live up to the requirements of their offices. And, while he described the church as a harlot, he never though disputed church doctrine or orthodoxy. For Dante, the message was clear – the church was not serving the spiritual needs of the flock. Read More A to Z (Objective Questions)    

Ref: 1. History of English Literature- Albert     

2. The Concise Cambridge History of English Literature

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