A TO Z Literary Principles from History of English Literature: Note 91



A Set of 26 Objective Questions & Answers

UGC NET ENGLISH QUESTION BANK
A.  Match the items in the List – I with items in List – II according to the code given below:

List – I
(years)

List – II
(incidents)

i  1066
1. Henry’s son Edward defeated the rebel factions and restored his father to power.

ii 1215
2. William Duke of Normandy invaded in 1066 and defeated Harold in the famous battle of Hastings.
Iii 1264
3. The Magna Carta agreement signed.
Iv. 1267

4. The outbreak of the second Barons war.



Codes:
i
ii
iii
iv

(A)
2
1
3
4
(B)
2
3
4
1
(C)
2
 3
1
4
(D)
1
2
4
3


B. This is told about The Hundred Years War:


I.   the interference of France in England’s attempt to control Scotland was the only reason for the conflict.

II. Following the Norman Conquest, the connection of England to the continent has been broken. This was succeeded by conflict of interests and hostilities with France between 1337 to 1453. Read More A to Z (Objective Questions) 

III. The time that was spent fighting in the battlefield was too long, and this provoked a feeling of animosity in the minds of the English, French, the language of the enemy country was in use in England. The hundred years war was partly responsible for the downward trend experienced in the use of the French language in England.

IV. Canons were first used in 1346 by the English at the battle of Crecy.


Find out the correct combination according to the code:

(A) I, II and III are correct, as IV is true explanation of it

(B) I, II and IV are correct, but III is false

(C) I, III and IV are correct, as II is true explanation of it

(D) II, III and IV are correct, but as I is false


C. This is told about peasant’s revolt:


I   The peasant’s revolt may be described as the result of the Black Death, the deadly plague that spread through the whole of Europe killing more than 30 percent of the entire populace.

II. England did not immediately overcome the problem if we may judge from the thirteen re-enactments of the statutes in the next hundred years.

III. The plague led to a great shortage of labour that was evident in the immediate rise in wages, the rise was so great that the statutes of labours were not enough to control or prevent.

IV. Many of the cutters left the land in search of higher wages as the economic importance of the labouring class increased and Villains too fled the land. Those who were left behind felt more acutely the burden of their and this led to a more general spirit of discontent, and the general state of discomfort and dissatisfaction led to the peasant’s revolt of 1381.


Find out the correct combination according to the code:

(A) I correct, as II and III are IV is true explanation of it

(B) I, II and IV are correct, but III is false

(C) I, III and IV are correct, as II is true explanation of it

(D) II, III and IV are correct, but as I is false


D.  Match the items in the List – I with items in List – II according to the code given below:

List – I
(Works)

List – II
(Themes)

i  Caedmon’s hymn
1 It is a heroic epic of 3000 lines, a narrative adventure of a young warrior.
2 The work discusses praise as Christian virtue. The poet heard the voice of God which inspired him to sing, praise and worship the Almighty God.  

3 the poem uses rich images and rich allusions and metaphor to describe the Cross of Jesus Christ.

4 It is both secular and religious theme including moral, modern and the classical.     


Codes:
i
ii
iii
iv

(A)
1
3
2
4
(B)
4
1
3
2
(C)
2
3
4
1
(D)
3
1
4
2


E. Identify the correct group of Women writers in the middle Ages from the following groups :

(A) Clare of Assisi, Catherine of Siena, Bridget of Sweden, Wife of Bath, Marie de France, Christine de Pizan Read More A to Z (Objective Questions) 

(B) Clare of Assisi, Wife of Bath, Bridget of Sweden, Julian of Norwich, Marie de France, Christine de Pizan

(C) Clare of Assisi, Catherine of Siena, Bridget of Sweden, Julian of Norwich, Marie de France, Christine de Pizan

(D) Clare of Assisi, Catherine of Siena, Bridget of Sweden, Julian of Norwich, Wife of Bath, Christine de Pizan


F.  Match the items in the List – I with items in List – II according to the code given below:

List – I
(groups)

List – II
(writers)

i  Latin Writers of  England
1  Richard Rolle, Walter Hilton, and Julian of Norwich
ii Women writers in the middle Ages
2 John Gower, Wynken de Worde

iii  Major Humanists
3 Clare of Assisi, Catherine of Siena
Iv few contemporary of Chaucer

4     Petrarch ,Plato , Boccacclo , Niccolo Machiavelli



Codes:
i
ii
iii
iv

(A)
1
3
2
4
(B)
4
1
3
2
(C)
2
3
4
1














G. This is told about Roger Bacon’s Opus Majus:


I. Roger initiated the idea of the physiology of the eyesight, the anatomy of the eye, brain as well as the effects and relationships of  light, distance, position, size, direct and reflected vision, refraction, mirrors and lenses.

II. Opus Majus means scientific methodology.

III. Though, he leaned greatly on his previous knowledge of the works of Alhazen and Alkindus (al-kindi). Both Islamic scholars and opticians influenced his research into the properties of the magnifying lense/glass.

IV. He was influenced by the works of Claudius Ptolemy and Alkindus (al-kindi) and Alhazen (Ibn al-Haytham).

Find out the correct combination according to the code:

(A) I, II and III are correct, as IV is true explanation of it

(B) I, II and IV are correct, but III is false

(C) I, III and IV are correct, as II is true explanation of it

(D) I, III and IV are correct, but as II is false


H. This is told about Owl and the Nightingale:


I. The allegorical poem, though of symbolic characterization we may say mirrors the conflicting figures of the medieval era or conflicting institutions like the church and the State in the age. Read More A to Z (Objective Questions) 

II. The Nightingale has been said to represent King Henry II and the Owl Bishops Thomas Becket of Canterbury. The Birds are like conflicting parties who turned to the court of law to resolve their disagreements, but that was not resolved till the end of the poem as the conflicting parties blamed the other using uncourth and invective languages.

III. The learned jury who never arrived in the poem ends may be a prediction of the second coming of Jesus Christ whose arrival will end all conflicts and the order of things.

IV. In what Owl and the Nightingale looks like a debate between the owl and the Nightingale that all assumed the mouthpiece of the society, the poem is thorough and investigative about human nature, and specific about the socio-economic, political as well as the church activities of the medieval age.

Find out the correct combination according to the code:

(A) I, II and III are correct, as IV is true explanation of it

(B) I, II and IV are correct, but III is false

(C) I, III and IV are correct, as II is true explanation of it

(D) I, III and IV are correct, but as II is false


I.  Match the items in the List – I with items in List – II according to the code given below:


List – I
(genre)

List – II
(characteristics)


1  It was a form of drama that explores biblical stories, using religious themes in its rendition.  

2 the dramatic plot teaches the audience how to be a good Christian and live a morally conscious and fulfilled life.  


3 This is a theatrical drama that accounted the life of a saint, including the martyrs sometimes take the form of biography, stories retold, fiction or non-fiction.



Codes:
i
ii
iii
(A)
1
3
2
(B)
2
1
3
(C)
2
3
1
(D)
1
2
3














J. Drama may be said to have evolved from certain religious ceremonies. Greek tragedy for instance, emerged from rites of life and death called _________.


(A) Jesus Christ

(B) Dionysian

(C) Devil

(D) Lupercal


K. This is told about The Play of the Greenwood:


I.. It is a secular play by Adam de la Halk .

II. It is a Medieval Secular Play.

III. It is   a satire.

IV. It depicts folk materials, using faeries and supernatural elements experiences or discourses.


Find out the correct combination according to the code:

(A) I, II and III are correct, as IV is false

(B) I, II and IV are correct, but III is false

(C) I, III and IV are correct, as II is false

(D)  All the above are correct


L.  Match the items in the List – I with items in List – II according to the code given below:



List – I
(Authors)

List – II
(Quotes)

1. Poetry is the imaginative expression of strong feeling; usually rhythmical...the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings recollected in tranquility.

2. Poetry is the record of the best and happiest moments of the best and happiest minds.

3. If I read a book and it makes my whole body so cold that no fire can ever warm me, I know that it is poetry.


4. The proper and immediate object of Science is the acquirement or communication of truth; the proper and immediate object of Poetry is the communication of pleasure.



Codes:
i
ii
iii
iv

(A)
2
1
3
4
(B)
2
1
4
3
(C)
3
1
2
4
(D)
4
1
3
2


M. This is told about The Early Middle Ages:


I. ‘The Dark Ages’ is a term used to describe the medieval era in European history from 476 – 1066 AD.

II. It was first used by a 16th century Italian Cardinal and historian, Ceasar Baronius, in his 12-volume book titled, Annales Ecclesiastici which gives a detailed and chronological history of the Catholic Church. Read More A to Z (Objective Questions) 

III. Baronius found that there hardly exist any readily accessible information and data of the medieval era. In frustration, he labelled that era as the “Dark Age” to describe the lack of materials and information.

IV. The medieval era saw invasions and counter invasions. Europe became one great mass of movements: battles, conquests, agreements, invasions, secessions, to mention a few. Documenting of records and history was far from the minds of many people during this period. This exercise is possible when there is relative peace, stable and united government.


Find out the correct combination according to the code:

(A) I, II and III are correct, as IV is true explanation of it

(B) I, II and IV are correct, but III is false

(C) I, III and IV are correct, as II is true explanation of it

(D) II, III and IV are correct, as I is true explanation of it


N.  This is told about Language:

I.   Language is a system of signals, including voice sounds, gestures or written symbols which encodes and decodes information.

II. Whatever system of rules and symbols a language possesses are given to it by its speakers. Read More A to Z (Objective Questions)    

III. Language can be discussed without mentioning the culture in which it is used.

IV. Every language use is situated within a group of speakers who have something in common.


Find out the correct combination according to the code:

(A) I, II and III are correct, as IV is true explanation of it

(B) I, II and IV are correct, but III is false

(C) I, III and IV are correct, as II is true explanation of it

(D) II, III and IV are correct, but as I is false


O.  We cannot possibly study language without considering the context in which it is used, because context creates possibilities for interpretation and helps us to remove ambiguities that utterances would have had if they had occurred in isolation.

(i) The physical environment of the language use, ie, where the language is used, the objects there and the actions taking place. This is often referred to as the physical context;

(ii) The utterances made before and after the one under consideration. This is called the linguistic context;

(iii) The general rules of behaviour that the language users obey, the background knowledge shared by the users. This is also known as the epistemic context;

(iv) The social relationship between the language users, which is also known as the social context.


Find out the correct combination according to the code:

(A) I, II and III are correct, as IV is true explanation of it

(B) I, II and IV are correct, but III is false

(C) I, III and IV are correct, as II is true explanation of it

(D) All the above statements are correct


P.  According to Aristotle the most important constituent of Tragedy is (a) Plot (b) Character (c) Diction (d) Thought Read More A to Z (Objective Questions)    


Q. Match the items from The Canterbury Tales in the List – I with items in List – II according to the code given below:

List – I
(groups)

List – II
(characters)

i  The Upper Class or nobles in the Age of Chaucer
1   Millen
ii the lower class
2  the Wife of Bathe

iii  characters that dominated the church of Chaucer’s time
3  Prioress
Iv  rich woman

4     The Knight 


Codes:
i
ii
iii
iv

(A)
1
3
2
4
(B)
4
1
3
2
(C)
2
3
4
1

(D)
3
1
2
4
















R. This is told about the origin of Greek theatre:


I.   By 5th Century B.C., Pisistratus, the leader of Athenian democracy gave official recognition to theatre, by making it part of their greatest national festival – City Dionysia. He instituted prizes for the best three plays and actors.

II. Dionysus, the god of wine and vegetation was recorded by Aristotle to have influenced the origin of Greek theatre.

III. According to Aristotle, “tragedy, indeed, originated from those who led the dithyramb”.

IV. Dithyramb referred to choral song chanted in honour of Dionysus.


Find out the correct combination according to the code:

(A) I, II and III are correct, as IV is true explanation of it

(B) I, II and IV are correct, but III is false

(C) I, III and IV are correct, as II is true explanation of it

(D) All the above are correct


S. This is told about the chorus in the classical Greek theatre:


I. The chorus was said to be fifty or more in number. There were non-existent plays without chorus in ancient Greek dramas.

II. The chorus equally coloured performances with songs and dances. This helped to heighten dramatic effect.

III. The chorus helped to create mood. It equally helped to create rhythm and pause to enable the audience to reflect on what has been presented.

IV. It was made of Athenian men who stood on the stage commenting on incidents and characters, as well as dancing and singing in between episodes.


Find out the correct combination according to the code:

(A) I, II and III are correct, as IV is true explanation of it

(B) I, II and IV are correct, but III is false

(C) I, III and IV are correct, as II is true explanation of it

(D) II, III and IV are correct, but as I is false


T. Identify the correct group of features /Conventions of the Classical Greek Theatre from the following groups:

(A) Because of the sacred nature of the festival of Dionysus, women were never allowed to mount the Greek stage.

(B) Only two actors were permitted on stage to perform at once.

(C) Plots of plays began not from the beginning of the story that informed plays, but always from the crisis point.

(D) Violent actions, such as killing, stabbing, and death, all took place backstage. Victims of such violence were revealed on stage to the spectators by means of a device called ekkyklema.


I.  Only (A)   is true  

II. Only (B)   and (A) are correct

III. Only (C) is correct

IV. Only (B)   is false

U. Identify the correct group of features of the nature of ‘audio-visual’ devices which are used in English language teaching


(A) The word ‘audio-visual’ means something that involves seeing and hearing at the same time, for example, television, projector, movies, computers, language labs etc.

(B) To achieve maximum effectiveness from the audio-visual aids, their use requires a careful planning.

(C) The audio-visual aids are basically used in language programme to maintain a high level of interest in the lesson. They give the necessary variation and a change of stage in to keep students' attention and interest.

(D) The use of audio-visual aids ensures greater number of students’ participation in particular tasks with the teacher either individually or in groups.

I.  Only (A)   is true  

II. Only (B)   and (A) are correct

III. Only (C) is correct

IV. Only (D)   is false


V.   One of the best of the metrical romances Sir Gawain and the Green Knight  is commonly believed to be written by the same unknown author who also wrote


(A) The Pearl  

(B) Beowulf

(C) The Dream of the Rood

(D) Juliana


W. match the author= work combination according to the code.


(B) John Buchan __ The Thirty-Nine Steps (1915) 

(C) Joseph Conrad __   The Nigger of the Narcissus (1898)  

(D) W.H. Hudson __   Green Mansions (1904) 

I.  Only (A)   is true  

II. Only (B)   and (A) are correct

III. Only (C) is correct

IV. Only (D)   is false


X. Civil servant, diplomat, Member of Parliament; the son of a wine merchant: Who is he? 


(A) Chaucer

(B) Richard Rolle

(C) Walter Hilton

(D) Julian of Norwich


Y. Kennings, seen in Anglo-Saxon poetry, in modern terms is similar to


(A) simile  

(B) Euphemisms, or periphrases

(C) Metaphor

(D) Paradox


Z. Match the items from few of the characters of Shakespeare in the List – I with items in List –

II according to the code given below:



List – I
(groups)

List – II
(characters)

i  Noble and disturbed
1   Iago
ii pathetic
2  Hamlet

iii  wise
3  Ophelia
Iv  villainous



Codes:
i
ii
iii
iv

(A)
1
3
2
4
(B)
4
1
3
2
(C)
2
3
4
1

(D)
3
1
2
4

















Read More A to Z (Objective Questions)     



Ref: 1. History of English Literature- Albert     

2. The Concise Cambridge History of English Literature

3. UGC NET OLD QUESTION PAPERS

4. Baugh, A.C and Cable T (2001). A History of the English Language. 5th ed. London: Routledge