A TO Z Literary Principles from History of English Literature: Note 102

A Set of 26 Objective Questions & Answers

1.      Two plays by Thomas Heywood:  A Woman Killed With Kindness (1603), The Royall King and the Loyall Subject.
2.    John Webster wrote The White Devil.  The chief figure of it is the notorious Victoria whose deeds and death occurred during Webster’s lifetime. Having urged her lover, Brachiano to murder her husband, Commillo and his own Duchess Isabella. Vittoria marries him and both eventually fall victims to the vengeance of Isabella’s brother.
3.    Two dramatists who jointly produced plays:  Beaumont and Fletcher. Their comedies—A  King and  No King,  The Knight of the  Burning Pestle. Their tragedies---  Philaster, The Maid’s Tragedy.
4.    Seneca, the Roman tragedian gave Revenge Tragedy to English Theatre. Examples: Kyd’s Spanish Tragedy, Shakespeare’s Hamlet, Tourneur’s The Revenger’s Tragedy.
5.     Thomas Sackville wrote The Introduction. His other plays include Complaint of Henry, Duke of Buckingham.
6.    1579 and 1587: 1579 is important because it is the date of the publication of Spenser’s first poem The Shepherd’s Calendar. 1587 is the year of the publication of Marlowe’s first drama Tamburlaine.
7.     1588 and 1688: 1588 is important as it is the year of the defeat of Spanish Armada and establishment of the maritime supremacy of England.1688 is the year of Glorious Revolution in the reign of Queen Anne and William.

8.    1564 and 1616:  1564 is important as Shakespeare; the great dramatist was born in this year. In 1616 this great dramatist died.
9.    The poets of the sonnet sequences: Daniel wrote Delia and Drayton wrote Idea’s Mirror. Daniel is known as English Petrarch.
10.   Two pioneering translations of the Bible into English in the sixteenth century: Tyndale and Coverdale’s Bible; and King James’ Authorised Version of the Bible.
11.  Signs and Symbols by Vladimir Nabokov: First published in The New Yorker, this short story tells the sad tale of an elderly couple and their mentally ill son.
12.The Body by Stephen King: short tale documents both the depth of friendship and the horrors of misfortune.
13.The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County by Mark Twain: This colorful tale about a man and his famous jumping frog earned Twain fame and acclaim and is well worth a read. The fifteen-minute nag is the name given to Jim Smiley’s horse. An old and rather sickly animal, the fifteen-minute nag was used by Jim in many of his bets. The horse suffered from various ailments and did not look as if she could win a horse race. Nevertheless, Jim frequently put her in races. Although she would start out slow, in the last leg of the race the nag always seemed to get excited and typically found the energy to win the race.(Encarta)
14.Ben Jonson was the first classical critic of England.  He held the ancient classical theories and principles of literature as laid down by Plato, Aristotle and Horace in high esteem.  He equally loved, admired and adored the ancient Greek and Latin poets.  They were the models fit to be followed and imitated by the moderns. 
15. The classical models for Elizabethan writers: Homer and Virgil for epics, Virgil also for pastorals, Seneca for tragedy, Plautus and Terence for comedy, and Juvenal for Satire.  Euripides, Sophocles and Aeschylus were model dramatists before Shakespeare. 
16.The Diamond As Big as the Ritz by F. Scott Fitzgerald: Included in a short story collection and published on its own, this story documents the lengths one family will go to in order to keep their secret source of wealth a hidden.
17. The Fly by Katherine Mansfield: This short story deals with some heavy themes, like death, truth and the horrors of war.
18.The Gift of the Magi by O. Henry: This sentimental story has a twist with a lesson about the true meaning of gift giving.
19.The Happy Man by Jonathan Lethem: In this story, a man has the ability to make visits to hell despite still being alive, something that confuses and frustrates both he and his family.
20.                      The Lame Shall Enter First by Flannery O’Connor: In this tragic story, a man’s idealism and self-interest cause him to ignore the needs of his grieving son– with sad consequences. American novelist Flannery O'Connor is regarded as one of the finest short story writers in 20th-century American literature. Her work reflects a preoccupation with man's relationship with God. Her first collection of short stories is titled A Good Man Is Hard to Find.
21.Under the pen name of Geoffrey Crayon, Irving wrote the essays and short stories collected in The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon, Gent. (1819-1820). The Sketch Book, as it is also known, was his most popular work and was widely acclaimed in both England and the United States for its geniality, grace, and humor. The collection's two most famous stories, both based on German folktales, are Rip Van Winkle, about a man who falls asleep in the woods for twenty years, and The Legend of Sleepy Hollow, about a schoolteacher's encounter with a legendary headless horseman. Set in rural New York, these tales are considered classics in American literature.
22.                       The Looking Glass by Anton Chekhov: A marriage-obsessed young woman begins to see her future life being played out in her looking glass in this short tale.
23.                       The Lottery by Shirley Jackson: First published in 1948, this short has been ranked as one of the most famous short stories in American literature– despite its negative reception in some places.
24.                       W. W. Jacobs (1863-1943) is well-known British writer of sea stories.
25.                       Two prose works by Francis Bacon: Advancement of Learning and History of Henry Vll;two prose works of John Lily: Euphues , The Anatomy of Wit. (1579).
26.                       Elizabethan pamphleteers: Thomas Nash, Robert Greene. Thomas Lodge.

Ref: 1. History of English Literature- Albert     
2. The Concise Cambridge History of English Literature
4. Baugh, A.C and Cable T (2001). A History of the English Language. 5th ed. London: Routledge

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