A TO Z Literary Principles from History of English Literature: Note 11

                       A Set of 26 Objective Questions & Answers

a.       Mathew Prior’s Alma is an imitation of Hudibras.

b.       Solomon is a long and serious poem by Addison.

c.       Pope’s two translated works are Iliad and Odyssey.

d.      Moral Essays was written by Pope.

e.      Horace Walpole: Life is a comedy to those who think and a tragedy to those who feel.

f.      Treasure Island is a famous moment of Stevenson.

g.    Sheridan’s play The Rivals came out in 1775, his School for scandal came out in 1777.

h.      Robinson Crusoe – Friday (Cannibal). The Vicar of Wakefield – Moses, Olivia, Sophia.

i.       The first of the ‘robot’ books – Frankenstein written by Mary Shelley.

j.      Don Quixote (a Picaresque novel) – Written by Cervantes, Moll Flanders (a picaresque novel) – written by Defoe.

k.      There are 18 books in Tom Jones. This novel by Fielding is dedicated to George Littleton.

l.   Thomas Chesterton (1752-70), a poet of the Pre-Romantic period committed suicide at the age of 18.

m.     Doer’s Lament has the constant refrain “that was lived through, so can this be” or in other words, “his sorrow passed away, so will mine”.

n.       Ulysses (1922) a novel by James Joyce is set in a single day in Dublin, the hero is leopald Bloom.

o.     Of Human Bondage (1915), the autobiographical novel of Somerset Maugham is a study in frustration.

p.     Dylan Thomas' Portrait of the Artist as a Young Dog (1940) is a collection of short stories.

    q. Robinson Crusoe an adventurous tale by Daniel Defoe (1659-1731) which appeared in 1719 was inspired to a slight extent by the adventures of the Scottish sailor Alexander Selkirk, whome Defoe had interviewed at Bristol.

r. A Tale of Tub, a brilliant satire on roman Catholics and Calvinists, on critics and bad writers; The Battle of the books, a satiric by product of the Bentley controversy; Gulliver’s Travels – written by Swift.

s. In 1740 Samuel Richardson published his novel Pamela. Fielding saw that it would be amusing to burlesque this novel by writing in a similar manner about a hero instead of about a heroine, and so upset Richardson’s prudential system of morality. Thus Fielding wrote Joseph Andrews in 1742. It ran far beyond its original design of being a burlesque, and became a novel of life and manners.

t.        The expedition of Humphrey Clinker (1771) is Smollett’s masterpiece as Tom Jones is Fielding’s. The novel is written in epistolary form. Bramble, Mrs. Tabitha and Lismahago are the best portraits in his gallery.

u.  Smollett’s the Adventures of Roderick Random written in 1748 is largely, though not wholly autobiographical novel.It is especially excellent in its delineation of British tar.

v.    In 1750 Johnson commences to publish The Rambler, a paper modeled up on The Spectator.

w.   Johnson completed and published his Dictionary in 1775. It is considered best and he was thought to be a match, single handed, for the forty members of the French Academy.

x.   She stoops to Conquer by Goldsmith is a splendid comedy of intrigue, introducing lively and farcical    incidents   and highly drawn pictures of eccentric characters.
y. The Rape of the Lock by Alexander Pope (a mock-heroic epic written in 1772 & 1774) was written in a  fanciful and ingenious mock-heroic style based on a true story.
 “WHAT dire Offence from am'rous Causes springs,
What mighty Contests rise from trivial Things,
I sing—This Verse to CARYL, Muse! is due;
This, ev'n Belinda may vouchfafe to view:
Slight is the Subject, but not so the Praise,
If She inspire, and He approve my Lays.”- these are the famous lines from Alexander Pope's mock epic The Rape of the Lock canto I

z. The first successful American political newspaper, the Boston News-Letter, was founded in 1704


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