A TO Z Literary Principles from History of English Literature: Note 18

  A Set of 26 Objective Questions & Answers

a. Hemingway’s ‘Old Man and the Sea’ is perhaps his most sustained attempt to unite the actual and symbolic under one continuous narrative roof.

 b. “Jane Austen’s view of life is the view of the eighteenth century civilization of which she was the last exquisite blossom. One might call it the moral realistic view. Jane Austen was profoundly moral.” (David Cecil).

c.  Pride andPrejudice: “Here is a limited world; but she interprets it with the penetrating insight of the creative artist”.

d. Stock says of ‘The Second Coming’ that in this poem Yeats sets his own age in the perspective of eternity and condenses a whole philosophy of history into it so that it has the force of Prophecy’.

e. Swift is a misanthrope in his ‘Gulliver’S Travels’. Swifts’ Gulliver’s Travel is a ‘mock utopia’. Gulliver’s Travels as an entertaining political story, but it became very popular as a tale for young people. It also expresses despair or that its import is nihilistic, is radically to misread the book.

f. In ' 'Tess', Hardy has rebelled against tradional and orthodox views'. Hardy is here neither a feminist, nor a misogynist, but a realist.

g. Lawrence very closely describes the working life of the labourers in “Sons and Lovers”. In D. H. Lawrence’s work men and women of our times have found their own restlessness most accurately mirrored.

h. In spite of diverse material and frequent digressions, Byron’s Don Juan does have a strong principle of thematic unity exemplified by the recurring motif of appearance versus reality. It is a success because it is a satirical panorama of the ruling classes of his time.

i. Vijay Tendulkar is  known for his plays, Shantata! Court Chaule Ahe , Ghāshirām Kotwāl , and Sakhārām Binder . He has received awards including the Padma Bhushan, Sangeet Natak Akademi Award, Filmfare Award, Saraswati Samman, Kalidas Samman and Maharashtra Gaurav Puraskar.

j. Legouis says “Wordsworth saw Nature and Man with new eyes”.

k. The 19th century Romantic Movement has been variously interpreted as ‘the convalescence of the feeling of beauty’, ‘renaissance of wonder’, ‘split religion’ and ‘erotic nostalgia’.

L .‘Art for God's sake ‘  phrase best characterizes the late-nineteenth century aesthetic movement which widened the breach between artists and the reading public, sowing the seeds of modernism.

m. The early-twentieth-century thinker Sigmund Freud is associated with enormously influential perspective or practice psychoanalysis. He had a major impact on early-twentieth-century writers, leading them to reimagine human identity in radically new ways.

n. Robert Browning’s interest in psychological analysis of characters from different countries. Browning had a “robust optimism” unlike the other Victorian poets who were worriers and doubters.

o. Keats was a romantic poet who believed in the importance of sensation and its pleasures which included taste, touch and smell as well as hearing and sight.

p. Keats had himself dictated the epitaph he wanted carved on his headstone: “Here lies one whose name was writ in water.”


r. Pope’s Essay on Man EPISTLE I: bears the title Of the Nature and State of Man, With Respect to the Universe

s. Imagery or figurative language helps us to form a picture of what the author is trying to present.
t. John Dryden’s late seventeenth century mock-epic satire, Mac Flecknoe has a  stage like setting in the city.

u. Shelley’s weaknesses as a writer have always been evident; rhetorical abstraction; intellectual arrogance; and movements of intense self-pity. But in great poems like the "West Wind" or great prose works like "Defence", it is precisely these limitations that he transcends, and indeed explodes.

v. Mathew Arnold describes Shelley “a beautiful and ineffectual angel beating in the void his luminous wings in vain”.

w. “In Hamlet we see a great, an almost enormous intellectual activity and a proportionate aversion to real action consequent upon it.”  Coleridge.

x. Lamb seldom permitted his profounder views of life to appear above the humorous, pathetic and ironical surface of his writings. Above all Charles Lamb was a refined humanist whose smile could be both satirist and tender.’ Lambs’ essays are lyric poems in prose.’

y. ‘The Waste Landis both a public or private poem. T. S. Eliot claims universally for his (The Wasteland).

z. In Beckett’s play Waiting for Godot the pattern for waiting is an ingenious combination of expectations and let downs, of uncertainty and of gradual run down without end.

Ref: Wikipedia, Literary Timelines, History of English Literature- Albert
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