Analysis of John Donne’s "The Sunne Rising" as a Metaphysical Love Poem

In Metaphysical poetry John Donne is an outstanding name. He is regarded as the leader and master of this. The novelty of John Donne's metaphysical poetry is marked specifically in his love poems which perfectly balance impulse and intellectual basis in his hand. In this respect The Sunne Rising is a characteristic work from John Donne.

The poem The Sunne Rising is on joyous fulfilled love. The lover’s mood is self complacent absolutely satisfied with his love that he extols over all other things. His sense of pleasure feed him to challenge the sun and claims that his love is not subjected to the mere laws of Nature. The intensity of the poetic emotion is echoed in the lover's excited assertion ------  
“Love all alike no season knows not clime ,
Not hours, days, monthes, which are the rags of time.”

Yet the poem contains the characteristic paradox of John Donne metaphysical love poetry. While emphasizing that nothing exist to a lover, apart from the experience of love, the poet has a lively and humorous approach and speaks sardonically of those who are involved in matter other than love. In a mock witty vain he counsels the old busy sun to remind the late going school boy's sour apprentices, court huntsman and country ants of their tasks. Again the use of the expression call country ants in hardest offices is the Metaphoric suggestion of form laborers engaged in harvesting.

 More over intellectual flashes are not unmarked in the lovers diverting assertion to the sun ---
                                     " I could eclipse and cloud them with a wink .
                                        But that I would not lose her sight so long ."

 The reference in” both the Indies of spice and mine” equally sounds the intellectual depth of Donne's metaphysical poetry. All the same time, There is heard the emotion emphasis of love -- ' All here in one bed '.
  Metaphysical poetry is essentially concise. The compression of Imagery and expression as untied in --
                                     ' She's all states and all prience , I '.
Nothing else is -- is conventional tone that is Dominant in the poem, is also typical of the metaphysical character of the poem. Again, the conventional tone that is Dominant in the poem , is also typical of the metaphysical character of the poem .

In the connection the dramatic beginning of the poem is also worth nothing. The sun is sharply - rebuked as the poem is also worth nothing. The sun is sharply - rebuked as a fool and intruder:-
 " Busie old fool unruly sunne,
Why does thou thus
 Through window's and through curtains call on us?"
 Moreover, the entire theme of the poem is expressed in a starkly singular and suggestive way. The novelty of metaphysical love poetry, as of Donne consists here in. In fact the essence metaphysical poetry lies not in the matter but in the manner of expressions. What count here most in the manner in which this theme of happy love is brought by the very craft that is unconventional and rather radical for Donne’s age. 

The diction of the poem is typical of John Donne's metaphysical poetry. This is simple and pointed and full of metaphors. The poet’s versification is in tune with the singularization of his mood and felling. The metrical swing in steered not by impulsive urge but regular by intellectual originality. The intellectual beat of the poet’s rhythm is too original enough, and heard distinctly not seldom in the poem. A single instance may be quoted in this context to affirm the contention --
                                    “She is all states, andall princes,I,
Nothing else is.”

Ardhendu De              

Ref: 1. Metaphysical Poetry: Gascoyne