Bondage into Several Ways: Exploring our World in Somerset Maugham's "Of Human Bondage"

  
Of Human Bondage (1915)  by Somerset Maugham (1874-1965)

Characters:
 Philip Carey; Mildred Rogers; Sally Athelny; Thorpe Athelny;Harry Griffiths; Norah; Emil Miller; Dunsford; Dr. Jacobs; Landlady


Somerset Maugham (1874-1965), English author, whose novels and short stories are characterized by great narrative facility, simplicity of style, and a disillusioned and ironic point of view. Somerset Maugham’s partially autobiographical novel Of Human Bondage (1915) is generally acknowledged as his masterpiece and is one of the best realistic English novels of the early 20th century.Of Human Bondage reveals Maugham’s “belief in the meaninglessness of life”. simply it is a story about a medical student who falls in love with a mean-spirited waitress. Released in 1934, this film was based on a novel by W. Somerset Maugham. After medical student Philip Carey  falls in love with a vulgar waitress named Mildred Rogers , she breaks his heart again and again. Carey has a deformed foot, and Mildred tells him she could never love a “cripple.” She runs off with a salesman, then with one of Carey’s classmates.
  
According to Somerset Maugham, human bondage may be divided into several ways.

 First of all,  there is the bondage related with the birth of a person. For example, Phillip the central character of “Of Human Bondage “ suffered from an inferiority complex  on account of his poor birth and a club-foot . He suffered both in the class-room as well as in the society.




Secondly: there is the body –bondage which keeps a person under painful conditions till death. Love and marriage are only illusion because they fail to afford real pleasure of life. In most of the cases, unhappiness arises out of failure, defeat, or death.

Thirdly, there is the spirit bondage which incites a person for rebellion. The character of Mildred is the most of glaring example of rebellious spirit in “Of Human Bondage”. Lastly, sex and money play a vital role under economic bondage. The spirit of a man or women is certainly very powerful. If it is not appeared it turns violet and rebellious. The same idea is very clearly and effectively illustrated by Somerset Maugham in his great book, “Of Human Bondage”. The character of Philip in the book is an important example.
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