One Checklist That You Should Keep In Mind Before Attending George Orwell’s 'Animal Farm'

"All animals are equal, but some are more equal than others.”

Genre: Satirical allegory or allegorical fable/ novel which bluntly criticizes the Russian Dictatorship and Totalitarian concept of 1930’s of Stalin era. It is a condemnation of totalitarian society based on the Russian Revolutions of 1917 and their betrayal by Stalin.

Time and Publication: Published in England on 17 August 1945 during the Great War II
The place: Manor Farm
Interesting Point: Conflicting policies between Snowball and Napoleon 

Symbolic Characters:
Napoleon( the pig): It stands for Stalin, the dictator and tyrant. As in the novel Snawball is ousted and declared traitor by Napoleon, Stalin also declared Trotsky, the rival communist as traitor and expelled him from Russia by his Red Army.

In the novel we find Napoleon gradually cementing his position without paying any heed to the rules of Animal world, and establish relationship with human beings. Napoleon as the head of the Animal Farm totally forgets the doctrines of Revolution and becomes tyrant by the way of his rules. The Napoleon in Animal Farm truly parallels to Stalin in 1930’s. Stalin also establishes links with Fascism and Capitalism. His several meetings with Churchill after the World War II are the clear sign of it.
Snowball( the pig): Napoleon's rival representing Trotsky and Lenin.
Mr Jones the farmer:a heavy drunkard who does not  take care of the farm and thus the animals revolted.
Old Major( the pig) :The Inspired character who alights the rebellion in the farm. He is the emblem of Karl Marks and Lenin, the origin of Marxism.
Mr. Frederick: Owner of the next farm associates with Napoleon, the pig.
Boxer: A hardworking, respectable horse.

The Story: The animals, dissatisfied with their servitude to humans, take over their farm intending to run things fairly. The novel begins as the animals of Manor Farm unite against farmer Jones to overthrow his tyrannical rule.  However, they are betrayed by the pigs who adopt the commandment “All animals are equal, but some animals are more equal than others.” The tone is ultimately one of pessimism, suggesting that all revolutions will fail to realize their original ideals because there will always be someone to help the “pigs” gain their evil ends.

Intention: Orwell undoubtedly passes judgment on the fate of revolution by comparing ideological promises with their practical application.

In Essence: Orwell does not condemn revolution but agonizes over the betrayal of its ideals.

  Ref: 1> Related Wikipedia Article @
         2> Understanding Animal Farm: John Rodden


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An English Teacher;    M. A.(English) , D. Ed., B. Ed., UGC- NET Qualified

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